Generally the paper will focus on the evaluation of the research processes used in the two articles, their overall strengths and weaknesses as well the potential application of the particular researches to medical health practice. The critique will be based on both qualitative and quantitative research frameworks.
The major causes of HIV transmission risks between mothers and their children include the potential contact between the mother’s and fetus blood during the labor contractions, contact between the fetus and the infected body fluids of the mothers genital tract during birth and the rupture of membranes during birth. Consequently many researches have over the past few years, increasingly sought to propose and discuss various ways of minimizing and preventing the risks of mother to child transmission of HIV particularly during the delivery.
The first article titled “Research article Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection” is a qualitative research journal that was published in 2010 by O’Gorman, Nyirenda and Theobald. The three authors carried out a fairly descriptive research in a rural district in Malawi in their attempt to explore the various views regarding the prevention of mother to child HIV transmission. The title is relevant to the topic of the study and the authors also succinctly summarized the key points of the research in the abstract. Similarly the purpose of the study as well as the overall goals of the researchers is subjectively described in the introduction.
Main qualitative research methodologies employed included the use of focus group discussions and semi structured interviews. According to Long and Godfrey (2004, p.128), qualitative researches generally explore the thoughts and opinions of others with regard to the topic of the study and therefore the research design should be able to deliver accurate findings which are free from study biasness. The three authors seem to have used ethnographic tools in