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Global Actors and Health Policies - Essay Example

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Masters
Author : glennie91
Essay
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 7 (1757 words)

Summary

Global Actors and Health Policies Name Institution Tutor Date Global Actors and Health Policies Malawi has a high HIV prevalence rate compared to most countries in Africa. It is the leading cause of death among the people within the reproductive age. In the urban areas, HIV prevalence is almost twice than in rural areas…

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Global Actors and Health Policies

The commission also ensures routine testing for pregnant women to reduce the rate of transmission. The commission oversees the distribution of antiretroviral therapy drugs. This program has been rolled out nationwide at a subsidized price. Patients eligible for ART must be HIV-seropositive, understand the implications, fall under WHO clinical stage 4, 3 and 2, and have less than 250/mm3 of CD4 lymphocyte (Kartikeyan, 2007). The world Health Organization is one of the global actors in antiretroviral therapy eligibility. The patients have to fall under clinical stages 4, 3, and 2. Stage 2 defines people with respiratory tract infections, Herpes, angular cheilitis, oral ulcers, seborrhea dermatitis, and unexplained weight loss. Stage three defines people with tuberculosis, oral leukoplakia, persistent fever, anaemia, severe bacterial infections, gingivitis, severe weight loss and many more. Stage four contains people with extrapulmonary TB, HIV encephalopathy, Kaposi’s sarcoma, isosporiasis etc. the government makes the guidelines for ART eligibility based on these clinical stages. These guidelines help the patients to access antiretroviral drugs at an early stage. Another actor in fighting HIV is Medicans Sans Fronieres (MSF). ...
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