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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), its concept and how it is spread amongst people - Research Paper Example

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), its concept and how it is spread amongst people

This essay explores that Aids stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) which happens when a body is infected with a certain virus known as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Like its name suggest the HIV destroys the immune system of a person, which keeps the body from falling ill. Once the immune system becomes really weak, a person starts falling ill to even the mildest of infections which were never a cause of worry before. The seriousness of this issue can be gauged from the fact that even the common cold can be life threatening to a patient with AIDS. To explain the phenomenon of how HIV infects a patient’s immune system lets take the example of their bloodstream. Our blood contains white blood cells which are known to fight infections and keep the body safe from catching diseases. What HIV does is that it attacks these white blood cells and when their numbers are reduced to very few, the immune system fails to function properly and the patient can be termed to have literally ‘acquired’ a syndrome from the HIV, known as AIDS. To understand who gets infected with aids we need to know how it is transmitted. While without a doubt this disease is contagious, however it cannot be spread by sharing a close proximity or using the same utensils or objects with an infected person. The disease basically spreads with and through the contact of blood with an infected patient which is usually when needles or syringes are shared between an infected person and a non-infected individual. Another way how HIV can be transmitted is via sexual contact with an infected person. ...
Another way how HIV can be transmitted is via sexual contact with an infected person (Evian, 2006, pp.13). Sexual contact of any kind, oral, vaginal or anal can lead to catching the virus. 1.3 AIDS Risks factors Sharing needles or syringes with others. In some cases you are not aware whether the other person is infected with HIV (Evian, 2006, pp.20). Keeping a sexual contact which could include or be limited to oral, anal or vaginal sex with an HIV infected person. While using a latex male condom is advised in all scenarios to limit chances of HIV spreading, however this method is not fully reliable to be a 100% preventive measure (Evian, 2006, pp.13). HIV is not only limited to sexual partners or those who exchange needles and syringes. An HIV infected mother can transmit the disease to her child as well either during pregnancy or birth or breast feeding (Evian, 2006, pp.223). 1.4 Common Symptoms of HIV and Aids The visibility of larger than normal lymph nodes or "swollen glands" which may have stayed that way or grown in size for a time period of more than 90 days (Evian, 2006, pp.67) The occurrences of recurring fevers and sweats in a person could be symptoms of HIV/ AIDS. Occurrences of continuous skin rashes for a long time are one of the symptoms of HIV/ AIDS. Displaying a short-term memory loss frequently could signal an infection (Evian, 2006, pp.32). Displaying a slow growth in children. Displaying frequent illness in children. Displaying infections such as conjunctivitis, ear infections, or tonsillitis in children Displaying excessive coughing accompanied with shortness of breath could be symptoms of HIV/ AIDS. Displaying frequent seizures and a lack of hand-eye coordination ...Show more

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This paper talks about the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), and educates its readers upon its concept and how it is spread amongst people. The discussion seeks to answer the questions: What is AIDS? Who gets AIDS? What AIDS Risks factors?…
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