How The Welfare Measure Of The Period 1906 – 1912 Differed From The Poor Law Assistance Of The Nineteenth Century. England is a nation that has seen a lot of law reforms being introduced while abolishing those perceived to oppress its citizens. Historically England operated under Poor Laws, which came into existence out of Tudor-era and late medieval laws before beingcodified in 1587-1598…
Typically, the English Poor Laws are divided between two statutes: the Old Poor Law, which came into operation after its passage during the reign of Queen Elizabeth and the New Poor Law, passed in 1834, which to a great extent modified the Old poor law. This changed the Poor Law system from one administered at the local parish level to a more centralized system, which promoted the large-scale development of Poor Law Union and Workhouses (Boyer 1985 p.129-167). However, the Poor Law system lost its ground at the beginning of 20th century due to factors such as availability of other sources of assistance from trade unions, friendly societies, and the Liberal welfare reforms (Crowther1981 p. 68-113). The liberal welfare reform, for instance, is argued to have offered a more modern approach to helping the needy in England. The purpose of this essay is to explore how the welfare measure of the period 1906-1912 differed from the Poor Law assistance of the Nineteenth century. It will also discuss how the welfare measure offered a more modern approach to helping the needy in England. ...
However, many concerns raised about the Old Poor Law led to an enactment of the New Poor Law in 1834 to replace the Old poor law (Rose 1971 p.34-46). The New poor law is argued to have changed both the obligation of the local authorities and the form of the poor relief as was earlier administered by the Old poor law. Thane (1995 P.34) notes that both the Old and the New Poor Laws provided a variety of services, but this was strictly for the destitute people who could prove that they are deserving and that they have no access to other resources such as family, paid work, charity and friends. In fact, even the old in their eighties would be expected to earn what they could from paid job under the Poor laws as long as they thought capable of doing so (Baug 1963 p.153). Thane reveals that, under the English Poor laws, the majority of those who were assisted were the old people, children and widows in the society, who were seen to be deserving poor. Fit jobless men received short shrift, except for a short period towards the end of the 18th century when destitution reality was unmistakably and vibrantly worked (Williams 1981 p.92-108). The law excluded members of the community who were not accepted. This was done under the settlements Act. The law sanctioned the payment of relief only in the parish of the claimant of settlement, which was established by marriage of a woman, birth, or by working in the parish and long residence. Both the Old and the New Poor Laws also varied to a large extent in their practices from time to time and from one place to another. For instance, under the Old Poor Law, close to 15,000 parishes, in which some of them were tiny, were under obligation to satisfy ...
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