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Dunn's Theory of Adaptation to Chronic Pain
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Over many years, Karen Dunn who is an associate professor in surgical, gerontological, and critical care nursing,actively participated in research work on chronic pain, stress and coping, aging and spirituality, and self-care practices. Here we will consider a theory which aims at controlling chronic pain based on Merton’s description. …
This theory assumes that patients suffering from chronic seek medication in hospitals or nursing homes through which the framework can be applied. Patients require the help of nurses when attempting or engaging in different adaptation strategies. Patients experiencing chronic pain require extensive care from hospitals and nursing homes. Therefore, this theory assumes that health centers are mostly suitable for this framework.
Hospitalized patients rely on pain medications, but they are fully dependent on nurses and therapists after surgery. Patients who have undergone knee replacement experience pain for almost three months, and coping with the pain is quite difficult.
Research has shown that patients who underwent surgical operations were able to adapt to pain within six weeks. Some patients who seek help from physicians and therapists have experienced pain for over two years. Adaptation methods applied help patients cope with postoperative pain for a period of up to seven years. The Roy’s adaptation model utilized in this theory has proven to be effective during pain management. In most cases, high pain levels experienced by patients may cause hesitation before they opt for surgery. The hesitation period is believed to increase the environmental stimuli causing pain. Patients develop high anxiety and stress when waiting for surgery, which affects their general health and quality of life. ...
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