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Effective Physical Activity and Diet to Avoid Weight Gain during Pregnancy - Literature review Example
Physical activity plays an important role for healthy life. This paper will be a narrative review of literature summarizing current known information and highlighting research with significance on the effects of physical activity and diet on pregnancy. …
This essay declares that healthier behaviors found to be associated with weight gain that falls within the Institute of Medicine’s guidelines were increased physical activity, the inclusion of more vegetables in the expectant mothers’ diet and non smoking.
As the paper explores energy intake was comparable during pregnancy to that of other populations. Overweight pregnant women were shown to have a higher energy intake from fats and a lower energy intake from carbohydrates. Pregnant woman consuming 3 or more serving of vegetables or fruits per day gained 0.8 kg’s less than those whose dietary intake did not include these amounts. Lifestyle interventions in these groups of woman reduced the occurrence of gestational diabetes mellitus and included dietary changes and increases in physical activity. To determine the reduction in obstetric and neonatal complications, a larger study group would have been needed than that was used in this research study, ‘Effect of lifestyle intervention on dietary habits, physical activity, and gestational weight gain in obese pregnant women: a randomized controlled trial. A successful study protocol to prevent excessive gestational weight gain could be integrated into the routine functions of primary health care across all pregnant populations though adherence or lack thereof requires more study into behavioral intervention methods that are effective in increasing that adherence to recommended guidelines. ...