Terrorist attacks have been troubling several countries for the past decade leaving victims and other individuals involved in damage or contingency control physically and mentally traumatized. For these people, there is a need to understand this fabricated disaster in order to enable mental recovery from the trauma and to help prevent its recurrence. In effect, there is now an apparent need to consider the in-depth analysis of this disaster, encompassing its causes as well as its effects and implications.
Various activities are considered ‘terrorist,’ including the bombing of targeted civilian populations; the use of biological agents like anthrax; the use of chemical agents; the use of nerve gas; and the use of radiological dispersion devices. These activities are carried out for political and religious purposes and to gain the attention of authorities and other individuals to the apparent injustices which these terrorists are experiencing from the society.
II. Lessons Learned from the Events
There are various lessons which have been gained from these activities. For one, injuries from bomb explosions may be categorized based on the cause of the injury. Primary blast injuries may be caused by the blast waves; secondary blasts may be caused by projectiles; tertiary blasts may be caused by victims being thrown against stationary objects; and quarternary blasts may be caused by fires and heat from the blasts. ...
In effect, the injuries or impact of an explosion would depend largely on the distance of an individual from the explosion. Those who are nearer to ‘ground zero’ would likely receive more severe injuries and those farther away would likely receive the more minor injuries. The management of these injuries is based on the proper identification of the degree of injuries and the determination of parties who need medical care and still survive. There are various clinical presentations of anthrax as an agent of bioterrorism. These are: cutaneous, gastrointestinal, and inhalation (Roy, 2005). The cutaneous anthrax is characterized by painless pruritic papules, vesicles, or ulcers, as well as black eschar; it may also include fever, malaise, and headache. Gastrointestinal anthrax is caused by the ingestion of meat products infected by anthrax. In this case, the spores are actually imbedded in the oropharyngeal and abdominal tract. The symptoms of this method include nausea, vomiting, fever, and severe abdominal pain. Lastly, inhalation anthrax is the most fatal form of the disease and as such causes the most concern among authorities. This mode of contact makes the contamination with the spores faster through their inhalation inside the lungs. Once inside, these spores germinate and release toxins into the lungs (Roy, 2005). In effect, anthrax poses a significant amount of danger because it can be delivered to the body in different ways. There are thousands of known chemical agents regularly being used by many people around the world, and some of these are actually used as tools for terror. Various incidents have proven how terrorists have access to funds,