Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Name: 24th April 2012 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Post-Traumatic stress is a disorder that a person gets after going through a dangerous situation. Rainbird (Jan 2009) contends that the causes of PTSD are multifactorial, including both situational and personal factors…
Post traumatic disorder is usually prevalent among soldiers who are in service, but anyone can get it at any age. It is more prevalent to people who have survived accidents, abuse, physical and even sexual abuse, or any other dangerous situation that a person may experience. Post-traumatic stress disorder does not affect people who go through dangerous event but also a person, say a friend or family, who sees another going through dangerous event or is harmed. It can also be caused by a sudden death of a person, especially a loved one. Causes and Symptoms of Post-traumatic stress disorder Corales (2005, p. 110) states that the posttraumatic stress disorder symptom scales contain 17 items that diagnosed Posttraumatic stress disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Orders-III-Revised criteria. Any trauma or an event that is threatening to the life of a person causes post-traumatic stress disorder. This may include both physical and emotional risk factors that may cause fear at intense levels. The term risk factor is used because it is virtually impossible to scientifically to isolate the exact cause of any phenomenon Ford (2009, p. 60). According to Lahad and Doron (p 6), the more intensive and difficult the experience is, the greater the potential for having for having a more severe post trauma reaction. There are various issues that may put a person at a higher risk of developing post traumatic stress disorder. Some of these include having an increased duration of an event that is traumatic, enduring high numbers of traumatic events, having a high number of both physical and emotional risk experienced, if, or whether the person has had another emotional trauma before the event has occurred, there is little or no support emotionally from family or friends. Apart from these, people such as children, adolescents, majority of females, and people who have learning disabilities or experience violence at home frequently have a greater risk of going through post-traumatic stress disorder. There are various symptoms and signs of PTSD that are a criteria required for the assigning of the diagnosis of the disorder. Recurrent re-experiencing of an event, for instance, troublesome memories, individual having flashbacks, which may be, caused by reminders of the said event and even nightmares that may reoccur is one of the symptoms. Phobia of avoiding a place, say the place where the event took place, people who were present when the event took place may reminding the individual the trauma creating emotional responsiveness. There are chronic signs such as sleep problems anger; person feeling irritated, and signs of hyper arousal, having difficulty in remembering things, and the person may also have and increased tendency of being startled. PTSD may cause stress disorders at an acute levels lasting between two days to four weeks. There are other PTSD symptoms that are associated with C-PTSD, and they include difficulty in regulating feelings, having explosive anger, behaviours which are passive and aggressive. In addition, feeling detached from an individual’s life or body, feeling helpless all the time, feeling shameful and guilty, having the feeling of being a perpetrator and change in the things that give a person suffering from PTSD meaning such as loosing spiritual faith and even having endless sense of despair. Diagnosing PTSD Follette (2006, p. 35) contends that PTSD is evaluated ...
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This essay discusses that post-traumatic stress disorder is a severe anxiety disorder that can occur after someone has experienced psychological trauma, which can come in the form of feeling as though their life has been threatened, potential death, or an attack against one’s sexual, psychological, or physical virtues.
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe form of anxiety disorder that manifests in individuals after experiencing a severely traumatic event. These events vary in form and may include those that are potentially life-threatening, or being a survivor in gross traumatic incidents.
It is an anxiety related psychological disease which may occur after a person faces certain physical or psychological trauma. The psychological trauma could be with respect to the threat of death or threat to physical or psychological integrity. It is not necessary that these threats are against the person alone; the threats against the beloved ones can also cause PTSD.
Anxiety gives a sense of worry, panic, fear and distress to an individual if faced by it. But on the other hand anxiety is a sense of feeling faced by everyone at one time in his lifetime and so it is very important to distinguish between the normal levels of anxiety and the pathological levels of anxiety.
In some instances, the pain never truly goes away. Pain and other traumatic experiences are a part of life that must be endured. There are some experiences, however, that cannot simply go away with time. They stick with an individual wherever they go. The experiences can haunt people in their dreams, affect their personal and professional lives in numerous ways, and cause even more heartache and pain than ever imagined.
Events that can lead to such stress disorder include severe accidents on roads, violent assaults such as robbery or sexual assaults, sexual abuses for a long period of time, neglect of family members and near ones, witness of violent incidents or deaths, experiences of being held as hostages, attacks of terrorists, or natural disasters such as earthquakes, severe floods or tsunamis.
The nature of service in war today is causing an increase in the incidence of PTSD. The war in Iraq is touching many lives at a very personal level. The direct relationship between this stress and mental health problems is evident. The intense combat
can be clinically diagnosed when symptoms like disturbing flashbacks recur, memories of the event continue to disturb, and high levels of anxiety take place even after months of the event. It is not necessary that all people suffering from traumatic events develop this
development of the disease starts after an ordeal happens to the patients and leaves them with distasteful experiences (Mueser, Rosenberg & Rosenberg, 2009). The person may have been a witness to physical harm or a threat that happened to a stranger or a loved one. It might
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