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The Physical Consequences of Obesity and the Impact of Social Factors on its Incidence - Essay Example

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The Physical Consequences of Obesity and the Impact of Social Factors on its Incidence

A BMI between 25 and 29.9 kg/m2 is considered to be Grade 1 obese (moderately overweight), between 30 and 39.9 kg/m2 is Grade 2 obese (severely overweight) and a BMI of more than 39.9 kg/m2 as Grade 3 obese (morbidly obese) . This discussion will consider both Grades 2 and 3 together as severely obese. The most prevalent method of treating obesity is healthy eating and exercise. Often people will go on diets to lose weight, dramatically increasing their calorie intake. Other approaches include using weight loss pills, however doctors generally do not recommend this, as losing weight in this manner can be dangerous and unless there is a change in lifestyle it is likely that the person will put on that weight again, and potentially more. For severely obese people, diet and exercise can be very hard to do and may have little effect. Consequently, under this situation the most common form of treatment is a bariatric surgery, which results in significant weight loss. However, this is an invasive method of treatment, and has a significant cost. Thus, many people who are severely obese are unable to find an effective treatment and must live with the associated physical, psychological and social consequences Causes of obesity The primary factor that is responsible for obesity is having a daily intake of calories that is more than the body can burn. Calories that the body does not used are stored as fat . However, there are many different factors that can influence an individual to consume more calories than their body needs. Additionally, in some cases obesity can be caused by factors that have little to do with the amount of calories that a person consumes, but are instead connected to the way that the body processes food....
This essay "The Physical Consequences of Obesity and the Impact of Social Factors on its Incidence" outlines causes of obesity and physiological problems of this medical conditions. The primary factor that is responsible for obesity is having a daily intake of calories that is more than the body can burn. Calories that the body does not used are stored as fat. However, there are many different factors that can influence an individual to consume more calories than their body needs. Additionally, in some cases obesity can be caused by factors that have little to do with the amount of calories that a person consumes, but are instead connected to the way that the body processes food.
Social factors have a significant influence on the prevalence of obesity. Society is filled with aspects that make it difficult to eat healthy, to eat the right amount and to stay active. (PubMed Health, 2011b). Increased mechanisation, urbanisation and westernisation is a collective term that is used to describe the changes in the way that people live and behave, especially in the western world. This concept is related to a move towards a more sedentary lifestyle where foods are rich in energy and easy to obtain (Swinburn et al., 2004).For example, many people work long hours at desk jobs in order to provide for their family. People in this position do not have the time to prepare healthy meals or to exercise often. Furthermore, they may be likely to look for easy meals, such as fast food, which is often high in calories and can lead to weight gain. ...Show more
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This essay describes social and health problem of obese people…
The Physical Consequences of Obesity and the Impact of Social Factors on its Incidence
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