Hypertension - Essay Example

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Hypertension

BP related health conditions and comorbid conditions have been the major criteria guiding the definition of hypertension. Introduction of sphygmomanometer brought about the revelation that many of the renal, vascular and cardiac diseases are linked to elevated BP. BP is dependent on race and age, among many other factors. BP levels to be considered as elevated in comparison to normal, and the levels to be considered pathologic still remain arbitrary (Kotchen & Kotchen 2007). Prevalence of the disease To establish the prevalence of a condition, specific and precise definition of the condition is an essential prerequisite. Due to non-fulfillment of this criterion in cases of hypertension, an accurate value of prevalence is difficult to obtain. On the basis of a literature review of studies based on data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES), Crim and associates (2012) attempted to determine the prevalence of hypertension. The results indicated age-standardized prevalence rates of 28.9% to 32.1% for hypertension during the years 2003 and 2004. The prevalence rate for the same in United States during the years 2007-8 was found to be 29.8%. International data indicate a comparable or higher prevalence rates in countries other than U. ...Show more

Summary

Hypertension Introduction Hypertension, or high blood pressure (BP), has been variously defined over the years with advances in the understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of the condition. Blood pressure specifically refers to arterial blood pressure levels, with optimal levels being those that lead to minimal vascular damage…
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