Full cost of some treatments is not recovered by the elderly people, particularly when they are expensive. Medicare is particularly applicable to people over 65 years of age, patients of the End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD), and people with disabilities below 65 years of age. Almost 12.3 per cent of the total population of the USA fulfills these criteria. It is estimated that by the year 2030, the population of elderly Americans would reach approximately 71.5 millions. Increase in the population of elderly Americans directly imparts the need to increase the federal funds of Medicare. Medicaid Medicaid compensates the families with little or no resources, low income, and the poor for medical assistance. Medicaid was established as a program in nearly the same time as Medicare. In the year 1965, Medicaid was made the law of the USA. Funds for the Medicaid are provided by the Federal as well as the State governments so that the states can be enabled to provide long term health care services to the citizens who fulfilled the eligibility criteria established for the Medicaid. The Norwegian Health Care System There are both the private profit-making and non-profit-making agencies working in the Norwegian health care system. In a vast majority of cases, services in the private sector are completely engrossed in the public system. Non-profit-making agencies in the Norwegian health care system particularly include hospitals and trusts. The National Insurance Scheme provides insurance to all Norwegians. This Scheme is a single-payer, tax-funded, and universal system of health care. Norway has a much more centralized system of health care as compared to several countries including Spain, France, Japan, and Italy. The...
Comparison of the American health care system and the Norwegian health care system leads to the conclusion that it is hard to consider one better than the other as the health care systems in both the countries have their own pros and cons. If the American health care system is good in terms of quality of health care, immediacy of health care, and the convenience of the patients, it is discriminatory in nature and good health care is not equally accessible to people of all colors, genders, and financial status. On the other hand, although the Norwegian health care system is nondiscriminatory and unbiased and the provision of good health care is for all Norwegians equally, yet the medical treatments are very time consuming and often inconvenient for the patients.
Role of Government
Role of the government as regulator in the Norwegian health care system is stronger as compared to that in the American health care system, since the system is more centralized and nondiscriminatory in the former as compared to the latter. In the USA, the government as well as the private insurance companies are taking measures to make the American system of health care more focused on primary care rather than a specialist focused system. “The “patient-centered medical home” model—in which a patient can receive targeted, accessible, continuous, coordinated, and family-centered care by a personal physician—has gained particular interest among U.S. experts and policymakers as a means to strengthen primary care” .