The Inequalities in Health in Tayside Toolkit Tamana Sayed Outline The Inequalities in Health in Tayside Toolkit The Reliability and Validity of Tayside Toolkit Data The Cultural and Structural Theoretical Explanations for the Inequalities in Health The Three Significant Factors That Influence the Health and Illness in Tayside The Three Policies to Employ to Lower the Level of Health Gap The Inequalities in Health in Tayside Toolkit Health condition is obviously not equal to each and every one among us, especially, between the rich and the poor people…
To lower the levels of inequality in health among the citizens of United Kingdom has been the priority concern of the National Health Service (NHS) and its partners (Tayside NHS Board 2002: 3). However, the problem of this health inequality is still not strategically addressed up to this date. Given this, the Health Inequality Toolkit is produced by the Tayside Health Inequalities Project Team to facilitate the development of a strategic approach to address the health gap in the local community (Tayside NHS Board 2002: 3). Basically, the Tayside Toolkit has focused on the characteristics of health inequalities which are believed to be not inevitable such as socio – economic status, ethnic origin and proximity to services (Tayside NHS Board 2002: 3). This is for the reason that these aspects can still be dealt with in reducing the health inequalities. In this regard, this paper primarily aims at assessing the Health Inequality Toolkit produced by the Tayside Health Inequalities Project Team. Specifically, its purpose is to answering four main points. Firstly, its objective is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the data provided in the Tayside Toolkit. Secondly, it targets to analytically explain and compare the possible cultural and structural theoretical explanations for the health inequalities as provided by the data. Thirdly, its aim is to identify three (3) factors which are highly important in affecting the health and illness within the said Toolkit. Lastly, its goal is to identify 3 policies that can be possibly used to lower the level of the health gap. The Reliability and Validity of Tayside Toolkit Data In the evaluation of the precision of the Tayside Toolkit Data, it is important to assess the reliability and validity of data. First of all, I can say that the data provided by the Tayside Toolkit is reliable for the reason that the gathered data reflects consistency when compared to other data based on other health inequality studies. The results are consistent across raters like that of having lower life expectancy for males than females, the number of deaths per specific ailment, and others. When compared to other studies, the data have similarities and can be suggested that it is stable. On the one hand, in terms of the other measure of precision, it can be suggested that the data provided in Tayside Toolkit is valid. That is to say, it has satisfied all the applicable types of validity. Though it is the case that the instruments (i.e. structured questionnaire) used is not presented, the data denotes that the content is representing the domain of factors towards health inequalities. Also, the instrument seems to be face valid because the data appears as if the questionnaire has measured what it has intended to measure. Besides, it has also determined the relationship of different factors or determinants to health inequality, or the criterion – related validity. In addition to that, it is a construct valid as well in a sense that it measures the theoretical constructs or aspect. Furthermore, the data can be used to predict other measures too. In that case, it can be said that it meets the standard of predictive validity. On the overall, it can be said t ...
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