After German invasion of the Soviet Union and the end of Nazi war, the four nations decided to divide Berlin the capital of Germany into four parts. Thereafter, a Cold War ensued between U.S and Soviet Union leading to the division of Germany into East and West Germany with East Germany under control of USSR and West Germany under the other three superpowers that had united their occupations to form Federal Republic of Germany. A wall was erected to divide the two Germans thus preventing travel or communication with either side of the divide. However, in 1989 after much pressure from civic organizations in East Germany and after an announcement by USSR president Mikhail Gorbachev that “the days of monolithic Soviet Bloc were over” thus relinquishing its hold on former satellite states (Fulbrook 243; Turner 230) the ‘iron curtain’ of Europe came tumbling down. ...
This led to mass movement of East Germans through Hungary-Austria border and others through Czechoslovakia while still others sought refuge in West Germany embassies in Prague and Warsaw until it reached crisis levels. There was shortage of housing in West Germany plus a strain on its economy. This was also a blow to the East as it lost much of its productive population. At first, German Democratic Republic (GDR) tried to imprison immigrants in Eastern Europe while conducting ‘house arrests’ in GDR to stop them but it did not work. Those who went and came back from the West came with new ideas and view of the world thus pressure began mounting on the government for reforms. This led to peaceful non-violent demonstrations, prayer meetings and discussions by churches. These Leipzig demonstrations were met with violence especially by the Stagi (secret political police) but in the end the SED led by Erich Honecker agreed to dialogue (Fulbrook 245). Honecker instituted few reforms but the GDR citizens were not satisfied. They wanted democratization and free elections. As such, the movement to the West continued and by September, more than 3500 GDR citizens in Hungary were demanding to be allowed to leave for the West (Turner 227). Some went to Warsaw to demand that West Germany embassy to allow them to leave for Federal Republic. Due to pressure by international media, SED allowed those in Prague and Warsaw to travel. However, in early October, it closed borders to GDR leading to unrest. Independent civic organizations such as the New Forum, Democracy Now Democratic Awakening, and Social Democratic Party (SDP) were formed. They were all demanding for free elections and removal of restrictions on travel. To appease the
The aftermath of World War II was the partitioning of Europe among the four superpowers: United States, Britain, France, and U.S.S.R. Eastern Europe was virtually occupied by USSR while Western Europe was occupied by other nations…
The foreign policy of U.S.A has undergone drastic changes during the presidency of George W. Bush and these changes owe much to the ‘doctrine of George W. Bush’. The essay is an attempt to read the Bush Doctrine and its impact on the foreign policy of America.
The political leadership becomes vital link to integrate and promote common values for developing societies that favours democratization. Inglehart and Welzel (2009) assert that democratization process and modernization are intrinsically linked and facilitate socio cultural transition in the long term.
The end of the Cold War and conflict between superpowers in the world left behind a vacuum, which was then filled with previously neglected and marginalized issues. This led to the new approach in the security studies. As opposed to the traditional approach, which focused on military threats originating from other countries, the new approach involves a broader concept of security and identity.
The author states that Germany was left more unstable with the clout rule of Nazi regime that had helped to hold the country together under an authoritarian rule. After the ended to the war the territory that was left that could be termed as Nazi Germany had been divided into four occupation zones according to the postal agreed.
Germany was divided after the Second World War between the major powers that had conquered the Nazi rule of Adolf Hitler. The Berlin Wall was built by the Soviet-controlled German Democratic Republic to impede its own citizens from escaping to the free market zone of
By the end of 1945, more countries had banned any nuclear practices. However, in 1950 the president of United States that time started a program of testing nuclear bombs with the aim of increasing production. By
The legislature comprises of two houses, a senate and the house of representative. The state’s governments are represented in the upper house while the constituents in the lower house. The government and legislature has
The major progress in post-war German includes the analysis of post-catastrophic learning procedures the resulted in the westernization of the Federal Republic. Furthermore, this paper will analyze the processes that Americanized Germany’s popular culture regarding re-establishment of an exciting civil society and its consumption patterns.
8 pages (2000 words)Essay
Get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Apply my DISCOUNT
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Didn't find an essay?
Contact us via Live Chat, call us at +16312120006or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org