The essay explores some of the Shah's policies that may have played a part in driving the revolutionaries’ agenda forward during the Islamic revolution. The paper concludes that Shah’s efforts to modernize Iran both economically and socially were the greatest source of his undoing…
This research will begin with the statement that the Iranian Revolution (also referred to as the Islamic Revolution/1979 Revolution) details the events entailing the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty ruled by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was considered a close ally to western governments such as the U.S. The demonstrations against the Shah regime started in October 1977 and developed in to a widespread campaign of civil resistance that can be regarded as partly religious and secular, and reached fever pitch in January 1978. The royal reign ultimately collapsed shortly after the defeat of the loyal troops by guerrilla and rebel troops in armed street battles. After the fall of Pahlavi Dynasty, Iran voted to adopt an Islamic Republic mode of governance, and endorse a fresh democratic-theocratic hybrid Constitution on which Khomeini became Supreme Leader of the country as from December 1979. The Iranian Revolution came as a surprise to many, as well as to Shah of Iran. The Iranian revolution was a surprise to many given that it lacked the majority of the routine causes of revolution; it generated immense changes at a fast speed, was immensely popular among the masses; and, substituted a modernizing autocratic monarchy with a theocracy grounded in the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists. Even at the height of street protests and demonstrations, neither Iranians nor its key allies such as the U.S officials perceived the possibility that Iran’s armed troops, which was highly modernized and the largest, would be incapable of dealing with the revolutionaries....
Even at the height of street protests and demonstrations, neither Iranians nor its key allies such as the U.S officials perceived the possibility that Iran’s armed troops, which was highly modernized and the largest, would be incapable of dealing with the revolutionaries (Coughlin 4). The causes of the Iranian Revolution can be traced to happenings that long predated it. In 1963, the Shah launched his “White Revolution” detailing a series of radical reforms fashioned at modernizing and westernizing Iran. Although, the instituted reforms generated rapid economic growth, they also yielded to social dislocation, speedy urbanization, and the incorporation of western habits and customs by the ruling elite, which alienated traditionalists and pious religious elements within Iranian society (Abrahamian 6). The undertaken reforms also threatened to undermine the economic base and persuasion on Iran’s clerical establishments by alienating the clergy from the regime. This ultimately proved catastrophic in the end with the collapse of the monarch (Amuzegar 10). Although, the Shah enjoyed the support of Iran’s upper and middle classes, he did not respond adequately to the rising discontent among the ultra-conservative. Shah had sectional support from some clerics who viewed him as a substitute to the political left. Nevertheless, other clerics were dissatisfied with the way in which the monarch was running its affairs. The clerics associated Shah with his father’s actions in 1936 when he barred clerics from acting as judges within state courts. Ayatollah Khomeini issued a fatwa (religious edict) against the proposed reform and who ...
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(“The Iranian Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(The Iranian Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“The Iranian Revolution Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/history/14558-the-iranian-revolution.
In this paper, the author attempts to analyze both short- and long-term consequences of the 1979 Iranian Revolution on domestic policies of Iran, as well as its international dimensions. It is believed that the consequences of the Iranian Revolution were both long-ranging and short-term, and this research purports to show it.
The Iranian Revolution is also interlinked with Lebanese Civil War and Israeli-Palestinian conflict The Iran-Iraq war has been one of the most significant events in the history which had given rise to innumerable more important events affecting the world and its super powers.
This prompted him to filter and displace many of them, especially those who opposed his policies or tried to intervene. In fact, Shah succeeded in globalizing Iran, but found opposition from the clergy and the Socialist Party that had a strong role, during that time.
Since 1979 to date, Iran's government is steers under an Islamic system of Presidential system Cabinet, Judicial Branch, and Legislative Branch. However, in today's' Iran, International Communities especially the Western World refers the country as an Islamic Extremist, where religion fundamentalism stands.
He was thrown as a result of a coup d’état. The Iranian Revolution clearly despised America and burnt them in effigy. The Americans were held hostage at the embassy so that the objections against America could be
west control of the country, and that the repressive nature of the regime accompanied by extravagance and massive corruption leading to economic bottlenecks [inflation and subsequent shortages] only fueled the discontent into a full blown revolution (Graham
Economic crisis can be defined as a situation in which assets or financial value of a country, organization or institution rapidly drops. This paper will also look at how Khomeini upped his game to topple the government led by Shah. It says that Shah’s poor political strategies and failures gave the opposition a chance to bring about revolution in Iran.
As a leader of the revolution, Khomeini was recognised as a strong pillar of the Islamic republic. He was instrumental in uniting leftists, student organisations and other Islamic organisations in fighting the leading regime. After the revolution, the
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