Pompeii - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample

The Greeks defeated the Etruscans in both 524 and 474 BCE and probably proceeded to take control of Pompeii (qtd. from Pompeii before the Romans involvement, 2005).As evidence, the hill near the mouth of the Sarno River or Sarnus River was used as a safe port by Greek and Phoenician sailors (Wikipedia, 2005). This theory is supported by the architecture and art in Pompeii that was influenced by the Greeks, such as the temple to Apollo mentioned earlier. Around 420 BCE the Samnites came to occupy the city of Pompeii (Leppman, 1968). The Samnites seem to have imposed their language, customs, and civic organizations upon Pompeii (qtd. from Pompeii before the Romans involvement, 2005).
Rome entered onto the Pompeiian scene following the end of the Second Samnite War (290 BCE). The Romans landed their fleet at the mouth of the Sarno and sacked neighboring Salerno (Leppman, 1968). For almost two hundred years, however, the Roman rule of Pompeii was more a "matter of form than substance" (Leppman, 1968). Pompeii was under Rome's control, however, its inhabitants were practically independent (qtd. ...
Download paper


The foundation of the city of Pompeii was not a typical one. No one could claim to be the first person to set foot upon its soil. Pompeii was created by tongue of larva from the ancient eruption of Mt Vesuvius that stopped at the mouth of the Sarno River, and this lava cooled to form a knoll with a wide view of both land and sea (Leppman, 1968, also in The founding of Pompeii, 2005)…
Author : qabshire

Related Essays

It is the law of nations that recognize what all humans deserve to have – freedom and protection of rights through the use of contracts. These contracts are used in the following activities: buying and selling, letting and hiring, partnership, deposits, loans and many others. Civil law on the other hand, is the law that is common only to one country or group of people, like the Roman Law, which is also known as the Law of the Quirites. Moreover, the Romans have several written and unwritten laws. The written laws are the following: 1. Lex (or leges) – proposed by the senatorian magistrate...
5 pages (1255 words) Book Report/Review
The Nightmare and Death of Marat
The Nightmare exemplifies Fuseli’s style and romanticism in general by bringing out elements of passion and lust. This is evidenced by the type of dressing the woman is wearing and the blood red curtain behind the scene. These features create light contrast which intensifies the woman’s eminent glow. The woman also lies in a vulnerable position. In this painting, Fuseli has also used chiaroscuro style to add to the effects of the contrast created by dark and light colors. This has given the scene an eerie glow. David’s work, the Death of Marat, drew from Neoclassicism. This style emerged...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Women and Art in the Renaissance by Meryl Zwanger
Thus, the roles of women in art during Italian Renaissance – as artist, patron and subject – were controlled, regulated and manipulated. There are three factors responsible for such restrictions – social pressure, lack of independence or image manipulation. However, despite the constraints on their roles, women continued to pursue their roles in literature, music and art. One role that the women in Italian Renaissance pursued was that of an artist. The restrictions in this role included limiting female artists to painting “portraits and pictures of family members in domestic...
6 pages (1506 words) Book Report/Review
What does the surviving evidence from Pompeii suggest about the ways in which Pompeians spent their time?
Vesuvius to have been recorded. In 1748, it is when staid excavations start and since then, it has been a tourist trap. Besides, all learning institutions are teaching of this city, with each and every other individual having the desire to make a visit. The historian might be better positioned in eloquently waxing how Pompeii is a city “frozen in time” as well as how the eruption turned out to be a blessing in disguise to the generation of the present time. On the contrary, the Romans had a totally different view of the destruction of Pompeii and the neighboring cities. In their viewpoint,...
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Midterm study guide
778). Orientalizing period Mantiklos Apollo: Mantiklos Apollo is a twenty-centimeter tall bronze sculpture that was dedicated to Apollo. Mantiklos dedicated the sculpture to Apollo, the hunter, hoping for gift in return (Helen, Fred, & Christin, 2005, p. 787). Archaic period: Inspired by Egypt (columns, sculpture) What is a kouros? Kouros is a statue built to the size, sometimes larger than the actual size of the objet that it represented. Most of Kouros were made of marble except in limited occasions where they were made from other sculptor materials. Kouros had a standing frontal posture...
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Archaeologys Scientific Exposition of Pompeii
Furthermore, as Professor Milner writes in a second article, the location of Pompeii was confirmed in 1595 when excavations for a new aqueduct unexpectedly led to the discovery of Pompeian coins and artifacts (263-4). However, further excavation was rendered impossible due to the fact that the ancient city was buried deep in molten lava, ash and mud which had hardened into over sixty feet of rock. Over the centuries, the gradual evolution of science and technology enabled not only the excavation of Pompeii but an accurate reading of the volcanic eruption and the history of this ancient...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Pompeii: Villa of Mysteries
In 1738 and 1748, Herculaneum and Pompeii resurfaced respectively. In the mid 18th century, there was substantial ignition of the imagination of Europe following the journey to Naples by diverse scholars. The global trend in the artistic world was the classical movement. The inspiration of Herculaneum and Pompeii was vital in the development and growth of philosophy, literature, art, fashion, and architecture, thus the provision of the perfect platform for the generation of the neoclassical movement.
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!