StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Hittites History - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Hittites History

The Indo-European-speaking Hittites probably began arriving peacefully in northwestern Anatolia from the Balkans about 2500 B.C., traveling from the Kurgan pit-grave culture of the Eurasian steppe. They settled in northwestern Anatolia, across the west and south of the peninsula about 2300 B.C., although many more may have immigrated from the south over the next three centuries. A northeastern route, through the Caucasus has also been suggested, but that seems linguistically and archaeologically less likely. In any event, when Assyrian traders reached central Anatolia around 1900 B.C., they found an Indo-European-speaking people firmly established, who had harmoniously integrated with the indigenous Hattian population of the local city-states.
By 1650, the ruler Hattusilis I founded the Hittite Kingdom when he established the capital of Hattusas. The ensuing two centuries constitute the period known as the Hittite Empire's Old Kingdom. Hattusilis recognized that controlling trade routes and metal sources were fundamental to the early empire's prosperity, and he and his successor, Mursilis, began tracing the commercial route running along the Euphrates to northern Syria. Hattusilis failed to subjugate the northern end of the Euphrates from Aleppo, but Mursilis not only conquered Aleppo, he rashly advanced on Babylon, which he captured in 1595 B.C. Holding the city proved untenable, and when Mursilis returned to Hattusas, he was assassinated. The Hittite kingdom was rocked by a period of instability, known as the Middle Kingdom, lasting for a 70-year period from 1500-1430 B.C. Yet the seeds for the Hittites' emerging cultural prosperity and military dominance had been sewn.
Hattusili's early and original contribution in legal thought, one that lays the groundwork for a crude form of democratic government, was the "pankus." The pankus was a council of nobles. It was not a popularly elected legislative body, however, but did serve as a check and balance to the actions of the king. The pankus was officially charged to "advise" the king, but its powers could extend so far as to execute the Hittite leader if he overstepped his moral authority.
It's also clear, during Hattusili's reign, that the movement and trade of metals was a stimulus to the Hittite economy. Assyrian merchants had traditionally ventured into Anatolia in search of tin, silver, and gold, commodities that were essential to the outside world. But there were other valuable commodities as well, and Hittite miners and metal workers were intent on exploring them (James D. Muhly, Mining and Metalwork in Ancient Western Asia, in Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, ed. J. M. Sasson et al., New York: Scribner, 1995).
Among merchant colonies and urban communities, the Hittites began acquiring a reputation as a people skilled in metallurgy. They were also recognized as fierce warriors, and the products their craftsmen forged - particularly in the area of weaponry - reflected their kings' strong imperialistic ambitions. Fortified double-walls with deep gorges between them made Hattusas impenetrable to invaders, and it was in the capital city that modern blast furnaces were ...Show more

Summary

The Hittites were vital contributors, if little known ones, to ancient Mesopotamian culture. Their empire was vast, and through their reach, the Hittites transmitted a powerful influence on societies all around the Mediterranean, including the civilizations bordering the banks of the Nile, the Tigris, and the Euphrates…
Author : pat49
Hittites History essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Hittites History"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

History
These moments are not just important from the point of view of the country in question, but are also important because of the exalted status that the country holds among the other nations. After a thorough consideration, three of the following events have been chosen which are truly remarkable Great depression Great depression stands as one of the defining moments in the history of United States of America.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
History
Black Death hails from the Bubonic Plague, which is a fatal disease that kills almost as fast as lightning (Hayden, “History of The Black Death”). Although the disease is manifested in three types—bubonic, pneumonic and septicemiac—the pandemic became known as the Black
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Answer the history eassy questions
In Mesopotamia the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates formed what is known as the “fertile crescent”. The rivers provided also a trade route for ships. Each river area provided a certain type of crops which became useful for the civilizations around them,
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
History
Soon the movements to preserve historical places became efforts to make money. An illusion of what modern people think history should be has risen in these towns. The Old Town District in Albuquerque, the LoDo District in Denver, and Pike Place Historical
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
History
It is believed that many settlers from Asia and Europe came to seek for fortune in America; they figured a land with unlimited resources. However, immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean came against their will; they were used as
2 pages (500 words) Essay
History
History helps in making the necessary information concerning the past of everything that undergoes change. Modern science indicates that nothing can live to be stationary forever. Therefore, history illustrates information of everything that
1 pages (250 words) Essay
History
The plot of the film revolves around an ex war veteran who had fought for the French Government. A successful farmer and a father with seven children Benjamin Martin is shown as a man with principles, who has lost his belief
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
History
Pueblo Indians were suffering on account of the Spain-directed cruelties for about five decades until their final success in the year 1680. Many futile attempts were made by the Pueblo to resist them, but each time, they were
1 pages (250 words) Essay
History
The movie also demonstrates the importance of diplomacy and trade in the continuous struggle for supremacy. In addition to this, it illustrates the essence of last great figures who participated in the crusade.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
History
The first committee of Correspondence was formed in Boston in 1764 as a means to encourage opposition to Britain’s stiffening of customs prohibition and enforcement of American paper money. In 1774 to 1789 a
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation