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Italian Fascism - Essay Example
Mussolini's decline and finally the fall from power signified an important period in the war history of Italy. The reasons for Il Duce's loss of authority are various, among which are his recent ill health; dissatisfaction with his policies among Italians, many people thought he was putting German interests above needs of Italy; recent defeats of Axis etc…
On the other hand, the wide choice of possible objectives and the superior sea power were the crucial strategic advantages of the Allies.
Having lost its forces in Africa, only 10 Italian divisions and 2 German panzer units were available for the Axis in the middle of summer 1943. "The Allies, meanwhile, were preparing to throw some 478,000 men into the island - 150,000 of them in the first three days of the invasion." The air superiority of the Allies in the Mediterranean theatre was also great by that time, "more than 4,000 aircraft against some 1,500 German and Italian ones" ("Sicily and the Fall of Mussolini, July-August 1943", 1999).
So, on 10th of July 1943 Allies' troops invaded Sicily from the sea. The coastal territories, guided mainly by Sicilians, were given up fast enough due to unwillingness of Italians to let their motherland be turned into a battlefield to suit Germany's interests. In only three first days of the invasion the British forces had been able to clear the whole southeastern part of Sicily. ...