Slavery has many negative connotations because of the perceived violation of basic human rights to freedom and choice. In the case of many slave nations, the inhumane treatment of slave races evident in centuries of testimonials and independent study, as well as allusions in literature, has made it an incompatible concept in modern society…
This is most evident in Latin America.
The history of Latin America is a complex interplay of economic and political agenda that buffeted these countries in as a result of what can only be termed the struggle for supremacy between European powers from the 15th century.
The term Latin America is ascribed to countries in South America, North America, Central America and the Caribbean Islands that lie south of the United States where the spoken language is of Spanish or Portuguese extraction. ("Latin America," 2007)
Colonial Latin America is the period that many believe began with the discovery of Christopher Columbus of the Americas, referred to as the New World, landing in the Bahamas in 1492, but in fact the colonial era began when the Council of the Indies was convened in 1524 ad ended with the Comuero revolt in 1781. ("Colonial Period," 1998) This was after the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1493 divided the New World wherein the Spanish controlled everything west of the Line of Demarcation and the Portuguese had power over the east, which later became Brazil. At this point, the indigenous people, including the ruling Incas and Aztecs, had been overpowered by the colonists.
Large percentages of the indigenous people in colonized Latin America died during this period, attributed mostly to diseases brought by the Europeans such as measles to which the natives had no defense against. It was to augment the pool of available slave labor that the colonists decided to take advantage of the wars in Western Africa which resulted in a glut of available slaves of African descent in the late 16th.
This right of entrepreneurs to import slaves or asientos was controlled by King Charles I of Spain. These slaves were farmed out to the different colonies in large numbers, outnumbering the indigenous and European population combined. However, not all black immigrants are African-born. Spain brought Spanish-born Africans called "Ladinos" to work as mine laborers. Free Africans also immigrated to the New World in search of a better life. (Cruz, 2000)
The move to free the slaves began in the French colony of Saint-Domingue in 1793 in the middle of the French Revolutions when Lger Flicit Sonthonax emancipated all slaves and made them full citizens, only to have it revoked in 1802 by Napoleon Bonaparte. Until 1870, when the slave trade was finally outlawed, it is estimated that 10 million Africans were brought to the Americas, almost half to the Caribbean islands and the Guiana's while 38% went to Brazil. Mainland Spanish America got 6% while North America and Europe roughly approximated 4.5% each.
It seems undeniable from a popular point of view that the influences of the African immigrants, as slaves or otherwise, and to a lesser degree the European colonists who dominated them have served to enrich an otherwise self-contained population. The incursion of a foreign influence has led to the growth and development of the Latin American culture that would otherwise be unknown in the modern era. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the role of the importation of slaves of African descent on the social, cultural, and economic formation of Latin American countries.
II. Role of Slavery on Colonial Latin America
A. Social aspects
Prior to the importation of ...
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(Slavery in Colonial Latin America Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Slavery in Colonial Latin America Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/history/307343-slavery-in-colonial-latin-america.
The slaves were of African descent and were treated in inhuman ways. The indigenous inhabitants of America also were not spared the cruelty of the colonizers as they were subjected to mass murder and entire tribes were wiped out in the attempts of the white colonizers to assert their supremacy over the new land.
The Catholic Church influenced the life of all people living in colonial Latin American society. The Catholic Church mainly served as an institution trying to unify people comprising the colonial Latin American society. There are evidences which show that the Catholic Church tried to maintain the Iberian social order, and the priests and other officials of the Church served as exemplars of their religion.
The four past centuries that followed the exploration saw many immigrants from Africa brought to America. But, most significantly, the earliest Black immigrants before those from Africa were the natives of Spain and Portugal. This is reflected in the records of black slavery present in ‘Vasco Nunuz Balboa’ manuscripts during the Pacific Ocean sighting in 1513.
One of these literatures is a book titled “Black in Latin America” by Henry Louis Gates, which has been selected as the primary source for analysis in this essay. In this case, this analysis will facilitate development of a substantial discussion on the topic concerning slavery in Latin America.
Whereas the Anglo-American colonies intermarried sparsely with the native peoples, the Spanish Empire actively encouraged intermarriage and as a result of this, the distinct cultures that otherwise would have at least been somewhat separate, came to be melded together.
White peninsulares (those born in Spain) and criollos (those born in America of Spanish background) were considered elite then; they were served by the white Canary Islanders, who naturally worked as wage laborers; then came a large group of ethnically mixed pardos,
The history of slavery in America is one of betrayal and abuse. It is a gritty and complicated history that sprung out of greed and prejudice. Nonetheless, it is part of America's history, and needs to be told.
To first understand how slavery became a part of life in colonial America, one must first examine the history of slavery from its origins.