The Anti-Federalists, those opposed to the proposed constitution, included John Hancock, Samuel Adams, and Patrick Henry who also wrote a series of essays now referred to as the Anti-Federalist papers. They were fearful the will of the states would be dominated by the potential authority of centralized federal government. The Federalists attempted to reassure the doubters that they did not intend to create a governing system much like the tyrannical in British system which the colonists had just fought a protracted war to escape. The Anti-federalists ensured this stated intention by opposing the Constitution as written and insisting it contain further clarification of civil liberties by inserting the first ten Amendments, the Bill of Rights. The first ten amendments to the Constitution, the Bill of Rights were crafted as a compromise that was forged between the two differing viewpoints. The terminology describing these divergent viewpoints is somewhat misleading. The Anti-Federalists could actually be better described as federalists because they wanted the government to be a federation of independent states. Federalists would be better defined as Nationalists because they wanted an authoritative federal government. This paper examines the point of view of both Federalists and Anti-Federalists and the method by which they reached a compromise after two years of contentious debate and an explanation as to why one was ultimately the best choice. The Necessity of the Constitution The Federalist Papers expressed the limitations of the loosely associated union between the states that was present at the time as well as the benefits of uniting the states into an efficient central government. The Federalists were wealthy business and land owners who believed that a powerful centralized federal government governed by influential, learned persons would promote commerce which was both to their and the country’s benefit. John Jay specified this reason first over all other motives to unite the states by ratifying a constitution in the second of the Federalist Papers, “It has until lately been a received and uncontradicted opinion that the prosperity of the people of America depended on their continuing firmly united, and the wishes, prayers, and efforts of our best and wisest citizens have been constantly directed to that object” (Jay, 1787: Fed. #2). The Federalists’ interests were positioned principally in a robust economy which they argued would contribute to the security and prosperity of all citizens. It is probable that at least part of their motivation to create a strong federal government was their own economic interest. Essentially, the Papers defended the idea of republicanism within the Constitution. In addition to financial advantages, the Federalists made a persuasive case for the forming of a powerful federal government by emphasizing the necessity for securing and preserving the lives, liberty and property of the new nation’s citizens. By combining interests and resources, the military and economic weaknesses of the loosely allied states would be significantly strengthened which would act to safeguard the entire country from both internal and external dissension. The nation as a whole would become less susceptible from a
The American Constitution Federalists versus Anti-Federalists Instructor name Date The U.S. Constitution was proposed, debated and drafted at a convention assembled in Philadelphia in 1787 by a distinguished collection of influential men presided over by Alexander Hamilton…
There have been overwhelming debates as to whether the Constitution of the United State is (or was of the time of its enactment) revolutionary or counterrevolutionary. The term revolutionary basically refers to being pro-change. Counter-revolutionary on the other hand refers to opposition of revolution or attempts to restore principles or state of affairs as they did exist prior to revolution era.
Guards stood at the gateways to make certain that the inquisitive were kept back at a space. Robert Morris from Pennsylvania, the "investor" of the Revolution, began the events with a nomenclature--Gen. George Washington for the presidency of the Constitutional Convention.
These privileges include certain rights unalienable to each and every American. Rights of every American under the constitution a. Right to security Right to security meant a guaranteed protection of each citizen from unfair and unreasonable acts of the government.
The Fourth Amendment is part of the United States Constitution, falling under the Bill of Rights in its most basic form is said to protect individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures. This amendment was created when the writ of assistance was exploited during the American Revolution.
This is because the world is constantly changing, and things cannot always be the same. Some countries have lasted with their constitutions for centuries as America. With this document, the government can connect with its people very well
It was then adopted officially in 1789 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Since that time it has been amended twenty-seven times. The first ten amendments are known as the bill of rights as they were collectively formalized to protect the
The U.S constitution can in a nutshell be described as the supreme law of the land. Originally comprising of only seven articles, the U.S constitution of which the first three deal with the separation of powers. Here the federal government was to be divided into three branches, namely; the legislature, the executive and the judiciary.
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