Women strived to make a difference and to change the deep seated cultural attitudes that set the discrimination against women that denied them equal opportunities for development of their potentials. In a way, ideals and beliefs were slowly changed, and women aspired to be free to choose their own paths in life. From domesticity, women now challenge societal problems and political issues and let their cries be heard in media, in rallies and by the government authorities. Women today are no longer submerged in discrimination but are able to play the defense for equal rights.
The feminism in the `1960s and early 1970s laid the groundwork for greater possibilities for education, empowerment, working women, art and feminist theory. These early years characterized the feminists’ goals to have women freedom, equal opportunity and control over their lives. Feminism inspired women to go to college, and to work professionally and to demand for equality in politics, religion, and in other areas and institutions as a balance of gender issues comes into place. Feminists’ movement influenced the way women talk, think and behave and beliefs that their options should be the same with the men. The women’s movement led to the passage of laws that guarantee equality and the right for reproductive freedom. (Napikoski, L. n.d.)
According to Joe Freeman (2007) between 1964 to 2004, there were 224 women who ran for president of the United States in the Democratic primaries and 14 were in the Republican primaries. But before these dates the first woman who ran for US presidency was Victoria C. Woodhull in 1872 under the Equal Rights Party (Kullman, 1997). The first African-American woman to seek US presidency in 1972 is Shirley Chisholm after serving the US Congress in 1968. She is also the first African-American woman whose name appeared in the ballot as a