As one looks more deeply into the intellectual climate in which these policies were past, it becomes clearer that these two philosophies are intertwined. First, one must define what exactly constitutes populism. Populism is a form of discourse (or rhetoric in some cases) that is attractive in some way to the public, typically those who are not in the extreme upper or lower classes. According to one scholar, it is “a folksy appeal to the 'average guy' or some allegedly general will” (Smith 41). However, to call something simply a form of discourse, with no underlying theory, philosophy, or ideology, is a shallow look into what is actually going on. Leaving aside the assumption that populism is only used for political gain and mass appeal, it seems that at the heart of this idea of the general will is that the general will has ultimate legitimacy in political matters. If populist speeches portray the common people’s needs and wishes as important, it is fair to say that populism itself things that the common people’s needs and wishes are important. Why exactly a particular form of populism believes this is true depends on the philosophical assumptions of the theory. Likewise, in order to better understand progressivism, one must define it. 20th century progressivism is a swathe of attitudes that generally favored changes and reforms in the government. Noticeably, this definition does not say ‘why’ these changes and reforms were made; it only says that progressives believed they were necessary. Progressivism came about in response to modernization: fears about monopolistic corporations, environmental degradation, and alleged corruption in the government. In response, progressives became known for pushing reforms and transformations to the way governments operated. As a belief system, progressivism is based on a philosophy of pragmatism, which holds that what is true is what works. Applied to public policy, this is the idea behind social progressivism: that as society changes and evolves, what is true about how a government should be run likewise changes (Kloppenberg 279-284). In the 20th century United States, the progressivists indicated that the government was out of step with the society that it was governing. The Progressive Era in the United States was an approximately 30 year-long period in which progressivist beliefs and reforms gained enormous popularity. Disillusioned by the superficial prosperity of the Gilded Age, progressive intellectuals and politicians endeavored to achieve the truth of what works. In practice, this meant compromise as a matter of principle. Part of the Progressive Era was President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt’s Bull Moose platform for social justice exemplified this kind of emphasis on the need for a social progressivism—that what is now true is that the government should play a role in easing economic and social disadvantages for specific Americans. The Bull Moose platform was precedent for Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal policies in the 1930s in response to the economic devastation of the Great Depression
Some of the major policy achievements of the 20th century undertaken by the Federal government include the Social Security Act (including Medicaid entitlements), the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Nineteenth Amendment. Although this is only a short list, encompassing few of many possibilities, it is meant to show two things: first, that despite the present era in which the federal government struggles to produce meaningful, long-lasting legislation, there is a history of such long-reaching and long-term law; and second, that progressivism has had an enormous impact on the American government during the 20th century…
It may also occur when people have less money or possessions than is considered acceptable socially. Poverty is an important issue in today’s society, and many people struggle to have enough money to live and to feed themselves and their family. People of many demographic backgrounds are affected by poverty, and there is a wide range of factors that lead people into this area.
The New Deal spanned from 1933 until the beginning of WWII but some of its programs such as Social Security and Federal Housing Administration remain in effect. The Government created programs such as the Civil Works Administration and Tennessee Valley Authority to help alleviate a country suffering from brutal economic depression.
Statistically, the unemployment rate in the United States soared as high as to 25 per cent (to compare: in 1929 it was just 3.2 per cent). Industrial figures were no better. For example, overall production within industries declined by a half with international trade decreasing by 30 per cent.
The new deal is arguably one of many things that brought back the United States from the Great Depression; although the New Deal failed to end the economic Depression, the approach was successful in restoring confidence from the public and generating new programs which brought relief to Americans and delivered America from the Great Depression.
Poverty in New Mexico. New Mexico is the poorest state in United States with a recorded poverty at 22.2% in 2010.The median income for the state has dropped to levels of $44,270 in 2010 (TVC grant county).30% of children in New Mexico live in poverty. People are forced to either buy food or pay for healthcare.
Poverty Rates in New Mexico. Poverty has been an issue of concern across the globe. Intriguing is the fact that poverty rates have been persistently increasing with time. This has been despite the efforts that societies have relentlessly been putting forward to curb the poverty.
As a consequence of the Great Depression, unemployment rose, wages fell, businesses failed and industrial activity came to a halt. Farm prices, too, fell steeply.
Production decreased by 30 percent and employment fell by 25 percent. In view of lower returns, banks became increasingly conservative in advancing loans.
While these policies have been effective in reducing the overall poverty rate this may not be the best way to measure the actual effectiveness. Just because overall poverty has been reduced does not mean that the
ny possibilities, it is meant to show two things: first, that despite the present era in which the federal government struggles to produce meaningful, long-lasting legislation, there is a history of such long-reaching and long-term law; and second, that progressivism has had an
This is a way of democratizing the government as a measure of reform because it hands over the power of the government to the hands of the people through voting.
The main issue raised by the Suffrage Movement
1 pages (250 words)Research Paper
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