His work revolves around the abuse of culture and life, in Asia and Middle East by colonial and post colonial powers and mindset. He thinks that self created and unfounded biases have been used as justification by Western powers to maintain control in Middle East and Asia on one pretext or the other. Modernization theory was deliberated in detail in 1960s to analyze why some countries achieved economic development where others could not. This theory predicts that countries must change their traditional values, infrastructure, industry and institutions. These values are present in developed countries, nations remain underdeveloped because they discourage individual talent and promote favoritism (Anderson and Taylor, 2005, P252). According to Harrison modernization was used as a political instrument by USA to stop flirting of poor nations with USSR during the cold war. In 1949 US President Truman announced the Point Four Program to aid efforts of economically under developed areas to develop resources and improve living conditions. (Harrison, 1988, P8). Modernization theory was developed by USA for two fold objectives during Cold War; the doctrine of containment provided the “moral core” and aid competition with USSR necessitated a hidden pursuit of self interest, thus notion of “free world” was promoted (Preston, 1982, P157). Edward Said has deliberated that Modernization Theory has derived out of Orientalism because developed nations use modernization and development as a political tool to keep influence over the Orientals or the past colonies. Western powers have physically left the colonies but maintain control over under developed world through modernization efforts and Aid. According to the work of Said in the book Orientalism, cultural challenges and frictions between East and West have been elaborated in greater detail. According to McLeod, Said’s Orientalism is a study of how the western Colonial powers of Britain and France represented and conducted North Africa and Middle East in the late nineteenth century. (McLeod, 2000, P39) When Europeans occupied Eastern lands specially Arabian Peninsula they found local cultures extremely strange and started building concept of Orientals or people from older civilization. On this basis the world was divided into civilized (occident) and uncivilized (orient).The colonial masters defined themselves a superior race and better than Orientals in all respects. This divide was unjust, artificial and un called for according to any definition of humanity. This prejudicial divide is present till this day according to which Islam is labeled uncivilized and its followers especially Arabs are labeled, backward and terrorists. According to an article published in Free Arab Voice, Said gave a statement in Al Hayat on 9th June 1998 regarding his vision about resolution of Palestine issue. According to Said Palestinians can never regain their rights without the active participation of Israelis in their struggle. (FAV, 1998). In an interview Edward Said expressed that as a systematic discourse Orientalism is written knowledge, but more than knowledge it is power because as far as oriental is concerned he was delivered textually to the West, milked by the West for his resources, humanly quashed by the west (Said, 2005, P26) Said considered modernism as shallow
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