Lately, the Islamic militants have used Jihad as an umbrella to collect Muslims and to organize offensive activities against the non-Muslims. They have tried to justify their actions as per the Sharia, but the author makes an effort to study the Islamic laws and make clear the parameters or conditions which calls for this act. The book is divided into six main chapters. Furthermore, the application of the concepts by the author will be discussed and compared with other theories. Arguments made in each chapter are discussed in detail as under;
The author argues that Islam has not been understood clearly by all and different people interpret it as per their own thinking and mentality. The word Islam means submission to God and to follow His teachings. The instructions as per Quran are to do good and in reward achieve heaven, whereas hell in case of bad. Prophet Muhammad was born in Arab and in the initial phase of Islam fought few wars to protect the newly established religion. He inculcated teachings of piety and the fear of God for those who did wrong. The Kaba (cube) at Mecca was chosen as a pilgrimage site and the area was claimed to be for Islam only. The Kaba was under control of non-Muslims and diplomacy was tried. But the city was liberated after a military campaign by the Prophet Muhammad. After Mecca, Muhammad wrote letters to states beyond Arab, inviting them to accept Islam. These were aimed to take rulers out of ignorance and spread teachings of Islam to the people. After Muhammad, the religion spread to Palestine, Turkey, Egypt and some portion of Iraq by military campaigns under his successors Abu Bakr and Umar. The campaigns were based to spread the influence of Islam in regions outside the Arab.
After the spread of Islam beyond Arab, it had philosophers and great scientists. The scholars wrote many books on manners and everyday etiquettes. The Sharia or simply Islamic law was made as per the