The armies invaded China, Russia, and most parts of the Islamic world. The countries had strongholds within the south. This invasion resulted into the increased dependence of Russia on the Mongol empire known as the Golden Horde. The Mongols sent their officials to Russia’s different towns. This made it easier to collect taxes from the Russians. The Mongols married the Russian women and persons who refused became slaves. This led to the increase of many Russian slaves and the prevalence of slave trade. The Mongol’s hostility towards women made the Russian women start wearing veils like Muslims to protect themselves. Islam became the central creed of the Mongol empire. The forced mixing of the Mongols and Russians led into further cultural differences between Russia and the West. However, the Mongols did not destroy Russia’s political and religious institutions. The Mongol Rule made Russia prosper because of the Mongol’s far-flung trade (Donald, Ozment & Turner 293).
The revival of Monarchy in the Northern Europe also occurred within this period. This revival occurred after the partial end of the divided feudal monarchy. The king and his semiautonomous vassals shared the government power in the past. After the revival, the semiautonomous lost the power to impose taxes, initiate wars, and implement laws. These powers became strong in the monarch. Consequently, the king and his selected agents acquired the power. Additionally, taxes, wars, and the legal systems became national issues instead of regional like previous occurrences. The independence of the monarch led to the elimination of decentralization of the political system (Donald, Ozment & Turner 297).
Furthermore, there was the occurrence of the “Voyages of Discoveries and the New Empires in the West” (Donald, Ozment & Turner 303). During this time, Europe discovered the existence of America. The interaction of the Europeans and