Lately, the Islamic militants have used Jihad as an umbrella to collect Muslims and to organize offensive activities against the non-Muslims. They have tried to justify their actions as per the Sharia, but the author makes an effort to study the Islamic laws and make clear the parameters or conditions which calls for this act. The book is divided into six main chapters. Furthermore, the application of the concepts by the author will be discussed and compared with other theories. Arguments made in each chapter are discussed in detail as under; 2. Sources The author argues that Islam has not been understood clearly by all and different people interpret it as per their own thinking and mentality. The word Islam means submission to God and to follow His teachings. The instructions as per Quran are to do good and in reward achieve heaven, whereas hell in case of bad. Prophet Muhammad was born in Arab and in the initial phase of Islam fought few wars to protect the newly established religion. He inculcated teachings of piety and the fear of God for those who did wrong. The Kaba (cube) at Mecca was chosen as a pilgrimage site and the area was claimed to be for Islam only. The Kaba was under control of non-Muslims and diplomacy was tried. But the city was liberated after a military campaign by the Prophet Muhammad. After Mecca, Muhammad wrote letters to states beyond Arab, inviting them to accept Islam. These were aimed to take rulers out of ignorance and spread teachings of Islam to the people. After Muhammad, the religion spread to Palestine, Turkey, Egypt and some portion of Iraq by military campaigns under his successors Abu Bakr and Umar. The campaigns were based to spread the influence of Islam in regions outside the Arab. 3. Sharia Reasoning After the spread of Islam beyond Arab, it had philosophers and great scientists. The scholars wrote many books on manners and everyday etiquettes. The Sharia or simply Islamic law was made as per the teachings of Quran and Prophet Muhammad. Scholars were well aware of the teachings and judged people as per the law. Quran was read after every prayer and everyone was aware of the instructions of God. The third Caliph after Abu Bakr and Umar was Uthman. He was assassinated by a group of Muslims. He was followed by Ali, who could not negotiate with this group. After Ali, Muslims were divided into group and a generation later, two main sects Shia and Sunni emerged. The Sunnis controlled area of Syria, whereas, the Shias controlled Iraq. The sects divided the understanding of Sharia among Muslims. Furthermore, as Islam expanded to regions where the native language was not Arabic, the Sharia was confined to few who knew the language and were themselves not united on the understanding of the laws as per Quran and Sunna. The laws which are not in Quran and Sunnah are to be decided by mutual consensus. The Quran has always been in its original form and unchanged. It was compiled at the time of Prophet Muhammad, whereas the Sunna was not compiled in any definite form. Different scholars gathered and compiled the Sunna after gathering information and varifying it from different sources. The Sharia law was therefore, compiled and implemented firmly by the twelfth century. It was made to guide people and make them follow the right path as intended by God. People were judged by this
Name Professor Class 8 April 2012 Book Review – Arguing the Just War in Islam 1. Introduction The book by John Kelsay reviews Islamic concept of fighting for religion or Jihad. The author tires to study Islamic sources that lay the basis for Islamic laws known as the Sharia…
The key to this effect is that drug abuse influences a lot of things in the country more so the economy to begin with. The reason as to why drug abuse has been a major problem in many countries is that, drugs generate a lot of profit to its investor due to its addictive nature and since people would want to grow rich faster ,their road to achieving their dreams is made much easier by the idea of venturing into drugs.
One such book is Michael Herr’s Dispatches which stand out as an historical resource for understanding the Vietnam War. Vietnam War started in the year 1955. This war was fought between the North Vietnam which was supported by its communist allies and the South Vietnam which was backed up by the countries which was against communism.
Moved by such biased description of the religious principles of Islam, resulting in the continuous misunderstanding and falling respect of the religious within the global community, Carl W. Ernst and Mona Siddiqui wrote two books individually, titled Following Muhammad: Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World and How to Read the Qur’an, respectively.
One of the many riveting aspects of this book is that the writing rarely ever sinks into the monotonous routine of debating over the same old issues. Instead the author digs with commendable intelligence into a variety of meanings associated with the religion Islam all of which hold something captivating to reflect.
Zinn takes a decidedly left leaning approach in his analysis of events, whilst Carnes presents a more functional perspective. Tending to see the uprising and subsequent civil war as the necessary progression from the turbulent political and social times. Such contrasting analysis of the same events by different historians gives multifaceted insight into the national psyche during the civil war.
Although Southampton did not have a record of harsh treatment of slaves, the slaves did not have any freedom. The slavee owners allowed their slaves some liberties like allowing them to sing and dance and go to the church.
Nat Turner formed a group of eight slaves and made plans for a rebellion.
The author links Jihad to be equivalent of modern term “just war”. The Sharia lays down parameters and conditions to implement Jihad as per the Quran and the Sunna, but it has been wrongly understood by many and
This war was fought between the North Vietnam which was supported by its communist allies and the South Vietnam which was backed up by the countries which was against communism. At the beginning of the war, France played a major role by helping the South Vietnam but
“The Art of War” enumerates several strategic principles that one can apply to different situations in order to achieve success in both anticipated and foreseen challenges, relationships, and in war or conflict. According to Sun Tzu, formulating a clean and effectual
This book therefore is also considered as one of the most important steps towards presenting historical account of how naval warfare took place during WWII. What is also important to note that this historical account is also extensive in nature covering most of the details
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