The main objective of the European Union was to promote peace among the European states, promote economic and social progress, achieve . Furthermore, the European Union served to promote free trade among its member states without any form of trade barriers imposed.
The European Union was developed after the world war two to try to bring an end to the constant wars between the neighbouring countries. The European Union was mostly formed for economical reasons. All the nations that became members of the union were expected to adhere to the rules pertaining to the operation of the trade markets among the member states. This is necessary in maintaining unity and peace among the states, which choose to trade with each other. Furthermore, the European Union was formed with the aim of bringing the people of the European nation and its borders closer and further allowing the free movement of people and gods across its member states. The Treaty of Maastricht, which is what was later developed to form the European Union, had five main objectives mainly aimed at unifying Europe (Baun 16). These included creating a security policy for nations that chose to participate, to establish financial and economical union, to improve the economic efficiency of the member states, to reinforce demographic governing of its member states and to develop the “community social dimension”. In order to ensure that all these goals were achieved, the set of policies contained in the treaty ranged from education, youth and industry.
At the end of world war two and cold war period, Europe was paved by disaster and extreme poverty. The level of industrial production was very low, which saw many of the citizens unemployed and homeless. The war did not only affect Europe but other states as well. For instance, Germany had 25 per cent of its urban housing destroyed. In addition, the