GKE1 Themes in U.S. & Wrld Hist Task 2 significant social or political changes

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His contribution to Indian social and political scenario is priceless that he truly deserves the title, ‘the Father of the Nation.’ Gandhi fought against the…

Introduction

At Champaran, the peasants raised their voice against the European for forcing them to produce indigo under the tinkathia system (an obligatory indigo planting on a portion of land) which imposed the production of indigo in three-twentieths of their land (Chakrabarty, 2006, p.4). Though the movement began in the 1860s, it is the intervention of Gandhi to the scene gave it a new perspective. The Champaran Satyagraha forced the government to adopt the 1918 Champaran Agricultural Act, whereby those compelled to let their land for indigo cultivation were given some relief (Chakrabarty, 2006, p.5). With the great success of the Satyagraha, Gandhi could turn the exploited against the colonialism. So Gandhian non-violence, as the Champaran Satyagraha demonstrated, provided a potent means of legitimate and effective resistance within the new political dispensation in which the congress was gaining in importance (Chakrabarty, 2006, p.5). Therefore, one can see that the Chamaparan Satyagraha was the first great movement conducted under the leadership of Gandhi to eliminate the British rule in India.
Another significant movement that stamped Gandhi as a powerful leader was the leadership in the Quit India Movement. On 8th August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Quit India Movement for freedom from British rule in Mumbai (then Bombay) (Maps of India, 2014). It was the Quit India Movement that shook the corner stone of British rule in India. The Quit India Movement made the British government realize that they would not be able to pursue their rule successfully in India for long and therefore, they thought of exchanging the power to Indians. Gandhi stirred the minds of the people through his passionate speeches and exhorted them to ‘Do or Die.’ These two movements of Gandhi, along with the vast number of other freedom movements made Gandhi the ...
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