The Buddha was born 2565 years ago in what is the modern day Nepal. The Buddha (Shakyamuni or Siddhartha Gautama) born in a royal clan, but he left all that (power and wealth) to pursue truth and enlightenment. Retelling of the life history of Buddha forms the basis of Buddhist philosophy. Paintings showing key events of Buddha’s life also form part of monasteries and temples through the Buddhist world.
Buddha renounced his old life at the age of 29 years due to a life transforming experience of encounter with human suffering, decay and death of the unprotected people who lived outside his palace. At this age, he started his quest for meaning and enlightenment which he achieved at the age of 37 years after intense meditation at Bhodhgaya, a village in North India that has become a pilgrimage site. Buddhism gained popularity especially in North India because its teachings offered alternatives to the rigid social structures prevalent at that time. Buddhism is open to all either as monastic renouncers or lay devotees (Namgyal.org).
• Becoming detached from worldly things is reached through the eightfold path of right views, right intentions, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration (Namgyal.org).
According to Ushistory.org, Buddhism was started by Siddhartha Gautama after he denounced his princely life of luxury and wealth after seeing the suffering and illness of people in order to seek for enlightenment. He achieved this through the abandonment of basic needs. After achieving enlightenment, he became known as Buddha or the “awakened one.” He started moving all across northeast India spreading his philosophy regardless of gender and caste and died in 483 B.C.E after teaching for 45 years. After his death, he achieved a state of nirvana or the ultimate release from suffering in which the self is no longer exists, and