Accountability is only as important as the situation which dictates its need. Individuals who are in positions of power that affect world politics should have a higher level of accountability than local politicians due to the possible ramifications. A need for strengthened accountability is needed in their volatile political atmosphere.
By applying the need for increased accountability in organizations that influence world politics is important in many aspects. Without being held to task for what they are doing, there is a possibility of personal beliefs and unknown alliances to influence the results. If this occurs, there could be detrimental consequences for all of those involved. To explain how accountability is better used, a supranational organization will be examined by how accountability is used currently and how it could be better used. Supranational organization means that an organization is above one nation, either by the span of their operations or because of where the leaders are located. A great example of this is during the current conflict the United States government in attempts to save money and decrease troop levels began to hire private corporations to act as paramilitary forces in both Iraq and Afghanistan.
One corporation that has been in the news off and on since the beginning of the United States involvement in Iraqi conflict was what is currently known as Academi. Academi has been previously known as Xe Services LLC, Blackwater USA, and Blackwater Worldwide. According to the United States government, Academi has provided private military security, diplomatic security, logistics, airlift, and transportation to the United States government. In addition to providing the national government, Academi has assisted state governments with security. (Burns, 2007) To make matters worse, those in control of Academi have contracts assisting foreign countries, such as Japan. (Shachtman, 2007) Due to their conduct, the country of Iraq has banned Academi from conducting business within the country in 2007. Going above what the Iraqi people wanted, the United States reinstated their license in 2008, and in 2009 Iraq again refused to allow the company to operate. Since Academi is a private corporation there is less accountability than if it was a governmental agency. This accountability is especially important as elected officials are some of those who hired Academi to do much of the work in Iraq. Because there was no oversight by the United States government there was no accountability requirements of Academi. The company created infractions that severely jeopardized the United States in Iraq by killing individuals who were unarmed civilians. In addition money went missing, the company got into so much trouble that the leaders changed the company’s name to ensure that they could continue to gain contracts, which many were no-bid. No-bid contracts mean that Academi automatically received the contract for their asking price. Usually what occurs is that the multiple companies send in bids, and the government picks the lowest with the best quality. Academi never had accountability at the bid level, so those paying never saw what Academi was offering. If hypothetically Academi was held to the same standards that elected officials, the situation in Iraq may be drastically different. When a United States service member is deployed, there are certain restrictions as to base departure. To ensure