David Howard Pitney’s book, “Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, and the Civil Rights Struggle of the 1950s and 1960s: Brief History with Document” talks about the most prominent civil rights activists, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. He characterizes two activists…
Is the introduction successful in convincing you of this? Why or why not?
The introduction was successful in making me believe the two leaders were polar opposites in their ideas of a revolution. They both, however, had the same agenda, to fight for the rights of the black man.
King believes it is dangerous to organize a movement against self-defense. He says there is no need to kill the principal if you want to go to school or burn a factory that you intend to go work. Pitney brings out King’s ideas in his book in the form of the speech. “I am convinced that for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom for my people.”1 Kings tell his people about the record of changes in the South of America with a nonviolence approach to redeeming his people.2 The people of the South had made progress regarding integration between blacks and whites. Malcolm X believes the only way to redeem his people and get their land was through violence. Malcolm X preached violence for the black people to be able to achieve a revolution. He compares the black peoples revolution to that in Africa, where the people had to be violent to receive their land. He believed in African Americans owning land to be equal to the white people. “So I cite these various revolutions, brothers and sisters, to show you that you dont have a peaceful revolution. You dont have a turn-the-other-cheek revolution. Theres no such thing as a nonviolent revolution. The only kind of revolution that is nonviolent is the Negro revolution. The only revolution in which the goal is loving your enemy is the Negro revolution”.3 The quote is part of Malcolm X thoughts regarding nonviolence of the African Americans towards the revolution.
Martin Luther King was looking forward to a time when the black and white people would be sitting at a table together as brothers. Malcolm X first interest on the other hand was African Americans to ...
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Malcolm X was born in 1925 as Malcolm Little, a farmer in the rural region of Michigan and the founder of Universal Negro Improvement Association. One of his early memories comprise of waking up in the midst of fire in his house. (Lewin) He had a very troubled childhood and young adulthood.
and Malcolm X. Both fought very hard for what they symbolize but in distinct ways. Their most beliefs may have bloomed from the houses they came from and grew up. King Jr. was well educated and matured in a middle class family. On the other side, Malcolm X grew up in an underclass environment that was very unfavorable with hardly any schooling.
The fact remains that the successes of today’s wind of equality and respect for racial differences started centuries with the activities of Malcolm X and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in the mid-20th century being very key among the struggle. There is a common saying that no two people are exactly the same.
On the surface, there seem some commonalities between the two titans of the civil rights era: to start with, the most striking similarity, of course, is that both believed in Black liberation. Secondly, apart from being contemporaries, they both lived an exactly identical lifespan –39 years.
It has often been written that while Malcolm X was impatient and stressed a sense of urgency in the civil rights fight, King took a more deliberate attitude and argued that equality would be a slow and difficult road. King's legacy has been portrayed by a belief in a future of racial equality while Malcolm X has been characterized as insisting that white America could not offer equality and demanded black separatism.
Education had endowed the African American community with enlightened individuals such as Martin Luther King’s father, Rosa Park and John Elton Bembry. The environment in which Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X grew up in was already ripe with revolution and it only
and manages to write “A homemade education.” The article focuses on Malcolm X and Martin Luther King because they represent two different approaches to attaining a common goal. Their different approaches of violence and nonviolence seem to stem from their initial opinions
As seen in the research conducted by Civil Rights Struggle: Radicalism and militancy, Martin Luther King adopted a non- violence approach in the course of his struggle (2). Since he followed the doctrines of Christianity, Luther opted not to use violence to fight for the
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