Elections and democracy are complementary to each other. Free and fair elections are central to promoting liberal democracy. The cosmopolitan nature of the United Kingdom society has made people devise means of having organized electoral systems that are fully representative. The intention of the electorate is to consolidate their civil rights and freedoms. These electoral systems are established through either direct or indirect means of picking representatives into the House of Commons. The electoral system must avoid irregularities and guarantee the wishes of the majority while respecting the rights and the voice of the minority. The strength of the electoral process guards against unnecessary tensions (Robinson 2010). This is the essence of reviewing the parliamentary electoral system in the United Kingdom to make them representative and free. A liberal democracy like the United Kingdom thrives through democratic elections. A general election is a vital decision making process in which the people decide whom to entrust with power. Modern liberal democracies like the United Kingdom use elections to fill vacancies in the executive, parliament and the judiciary. The word election comes from a Latin word Legere meaning-choose. The essence of general elections is to change leadership and express the wishes of the citizens on key matters. Modern liberal democracies like the United Kingdom have the electoral systems which yield the best results. The most popular democratic systems are both presidential and parliamentary systems. The United Kingdom used the parliamentary system. The liberties include the freedom of speech, religion, right to private property and privacy. Liberal democracy has safeguard against majoritarianism which hurts the minority. In a liberal democracy, elections must be free and fair (Johnson 2001). The electorate must have a choice of political parties, which differ in policies and views. In a liberal democracy, voting is by secret ballot. This ensures that voters do not feel pressured (Robinson 2010). Elections are crucial in liberal democracies because the parliament and the government are chosen by and accountable to the voters. Liberal democracies demand that elections be regular (Dunleavy & O'Leary 2000). This gives the electorate a chance to review their leaders and make changes during the election year. The government must call for a referendum on key issues that affect the lives of people directly (Williams 1998). In liberal democracies, election results must be respected since they represent the demands of the people (Diamond & Platter 2006). As a result, the power transitions must be peaceful, and this ensures economic stability. In the United Kingdom, the European court of human rights ensures that civil rights are enforced. Democratic elections guarantee equal opportunities and a fair justice system in liberal democracies (Williams 1998). The government must be limited and open to the public (Dunleavy & O'Leary 2000). Democratic elections give the people power to securitize the government in liberal democracies. The constitution gives the citizens the right to access state information if it does not compromise the security situation of the country (Robinson 2010). Democratic electoral process guarantees free media, which is not controlled by the state. This means that the media must give neutral coverage to all the political activities in the country, and at the same time criticize any the government freely (Diamond & Platter 2006). In the United Kingdom, the electoral system is free and fair. The law demands that balloting in the UK be secret, in addition to universal suffrage of, eighteen and over. The country has a number of political
Liberal democracy refers to representative democracy, which is composed of elected representatives whose power is checked through the constitution. In liberal democracies, the constitution is used to protect the rights of the minority groups, individual liberties and equality. Elections and democracy are complementary to each other…
The people are the one who form the government and its form on a periodical basis where at every 5 years or under the conditions prescribed in the Constitution the government is re-elected. The electoral is given a chance at periodic intervals to vote for the people who stand for elections, and that is how the accountability of the government is maintained.
Acceptable governance consists of rule of law, efficient institutions of state, unhidden management and accountability of citizen issues, human rights protection and the right intervention of the public in the decision making process regarding their lives and country (Osborne, 2010, p.91).
Robert Dahl, arguably the most influential American political scientist of the 20th century reckons that democracy is a utopian concept that is not found anywhere in contemporary geo-politics. In its stead, leading industrial societies of the world, including the United States have a ‘Plutocracy’, where power is shared and wielded by various major public institutions.
The liberal state can be explained as an opposition of the individual against the norms of custom, tradition, and religion (Barry et al 2001, p. 3). As a result, the liberal inherently distrusted the imposition of any authority over the individual and the forces of the marketplace.
Now they can leave home and be independent. These new independents may apply for a job and do what they had long wanted to do and buy what they had wanted to buy because their parents forbade them not to do or buy before.
Democracy can also be defined as the right to vote in any organization.
One of the most key points about the liberal democracy is the role which is played by individual in democratic process. Some political scientists mention that democracy is individual participation and the main emphasis is how this participation changes and transform people and society in the whole.
Such rights may include: freedom of assembly and speech, right to privacy and private property, freedom of religion, and equality when facing the law and rule of law (Glenn, 2004). The above rights are guaranteed through several
ernment and its form on a periodical basis where at every 5 years or under the conditions prescribed in the Constitution the government is re-elected.
Let us now analyze each and every concept in detail. Election is the most important factor in running a democratic form of
Free and fair elections are central to promoting liberal democracy. The cosmopolitan nature of the United Kingdom society has made people devise means of having organized electoral systems that are fully representative. The
Liberal democracy is intrinsically valuable to a society. This paper will not disapprove Sen arguments; the researcher will discuss, in light of experiences in non-democratic countries such as China, and South Korea, that Sen’s ideology of liberal democracy fostering development is misleading.
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