This paper compares and contrasts Italian fascism, German Nazism and Soviet communism. “Fascism broke new grounds in its use of mass politics against the conservatives’ enemies, the left and liberals” (Paxton & Hessler, p.180). Same way fascism and communism also fought against capitalism and democracy. Hitler was not in a mood to accept an ideology like socialism. In his opinion, Germans were superior to other cultures and hence they have the right to enjoy more privileges than other cultures. Instead of working class, Hitler gave more importance to the ruling class. It should be noted that Soviet communism gave more importance to the interests of working class. It argued that the gap between the rich and poor should be reduced as much as possible and for that purpose the interests of the working class should be given priority. “Fascism and Nazism planned to make life better for the people through expanding the power of the government. Communism thought that people could have better lives if there was not a class system”(Nosotro). Italian fascism gave more importance class collaboration rather than class conflicts while Soviet communism gave more importance to class struggles rather than class collaboration. On the other hand, German Nazism gave more importance to national pride rather than socialism or economic inequalities. In fact “The catalyst to fascism was the threat of revolutionary socialism” (Paxton & Hessler, p.199). In other words, Italian fascism never believed in socialism. It argued that both working class and ruling class should work in collaboration to the economic growth of the country instead of trying to achieve socialism through revolutions. German Nazism on the other hand gave more importance to nationalism rather than economic inequalities of socialism. Hitler in a speech in 1928 argued that brutality rather than humanity is the basis of life! Man has become master of the world through conflict and continual struggle… But mankind is not a uniform and equal mass. There are differences between races. The Earth has received its culture from elite peoples; what we see today is ultimately the result of the activity and the achievements of the Aryans (Kitson, p.1925). Nazism was adamant about the supremacy of Aryan culture over other cultures. It believed that only Aryans have the right to rule the world and other cultures should work under the Aryan leadership. Both Soviet communism and German Nazism were accepted uniformly in Soviet Union and Germany. However, Italian fascism was not accepted uniformly throughout Italy. “While the worker strongholds like Turin remained close to fascist ideas whereas the underdeveloped south remained in the hands of local bosses”(Paxton & Hessler, p.184). In other words, fascism failed to attract all Italians just like Soviet communism or German Nazism. ‘Italian fascism gained power in 1920 with the help of traditional conservatives. Nazism also gained power in Germany in 1933 with help of similar alliances” (Paxton & Hessler, p.195). In short, both fascism and Nazism sought help from conservatives and fundamentalist to gain power. However, conservatives and fundamentalists were the strongest opponents of Soviet communism. Both fascism and Nazism are autocratic in nature compared to communism. Even though communism is not autocratic in nature, its principles and ideologies are not so democratic. It should be noted that Soviet communism was not giving any respect
Fascism, Nazism & Communism Italian fascism, German Nazism and Soviet communism were the three major political ideologies or institutions in Europe during the early parts of twentieth century. The three political ideologies have many similarities and differences…
Some scholars believe that Nazi Germany and Mussolini’s Italy are the only true fascist models, while others believe that Nazi Germany should be entirely excluded from the definition of fascism (Umland, 2005, p. 35). There are a number of reasons why fascism is so hard to define, according to Paxton (1998).
From this research, it is clear that the system of ethics emphasized by both the leaders is rationally approached rather than being dealt with morality. They have inherited cruelty and violence as a means to establish their fascism in their countries. These inhumane ideologies and rigid laws served to be the roots for Hitler’s genocides and Mussolini’s ruthless conquests.
Communism is a structure of social organizations based on owning all properties in common. In this governance framework, the properties either belong to the community or country. Citizens of the nation with kind of governance are not entitled to own properties.
Fascists unlike other forms of nationalist movements in the early history was more radical and more authoritarian1. They believed on their call for unity of either a race or a specific interest group and therefore sought their interests regardless of the costs.
The author of the essay "Comparison of Fascism and Communism" cites the Prime Minister of England John Major, who said: “Communism and fascism lie far behind us. The two huge adversaries of reason are therefore defeated”. In the author's opinion fascism and communism might be at rest for some time, but they are not exhausted.
The fascists demand honour and devotion of the general public towards the ruling party at the centre. The ultra-nationalistic views and militarism are the ways of fascists for consolidation of power and expansion of national territories. The fascists view war, political violence and spread of imperialism as effective ways of dominating over others for the spread on national territories.
Essay, History and Political Science Student’s Name Institution Essay, History and Political Science Option Two “Visions” Fascism, Nazism and Imperialism had ideologies that Italy, Germany and Japan ultimately struggled for. These ideologies were similar and different from one another in a number of ways as depicted in this essay.
Hitler's Nazi philosophies - even with its outright hatred of specific "parasite races" were not immediately greeted with opposition. It even had parallels to other existing societal trends in other countries such as the United States. In fact, there were a handful of Nazi groups in the United States that enjoyed free rein before the bombing of Pearl Harbor.
National Socialism and Soviet Communism were presented to the people to dictate how people could relate and behave toward each other (Blamires & Jackson, 2006). This paper will examine which method was a challenge
1 pages (250 words)Essay
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