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Aspects of Connected Speech

Preceding the conclusion, findings will be accrued in relation to the three particular characters providing the dialogues (Chapter 4), in an attempt to determine whether particular phonetic features and/or phonological rules pertain to each individual accent or whether the same occur across the connected speech of all three people. Chapter 1: Simplification Assimilation An important aspect of connected speech is that of assimilation, wherein the articulation of words is altered in accordance with phonetic characteristics in their immediate environment; in other words sounds are influenced by other immediate sounds and thus assimilated (Davenport & Hannahs, 2005, p.25). It largely depends upon context, with speakers who are speaking slowly and carefully using it less, and speakers who speak rapidly using it more (Roach, 1998, p.123), and is the reason why mechanized speech, where each word is recorded in isolation, does not work (Roach, 1998, p.123). Roach (1998, p.124) states there are two basic types of assimilation, namely progressive and regressive. Progressive assimilation is where the affected word comes after the word that affects it, as in ‘did you’ [did ju]; for example, in connected speech many speakers would assimilate the approximant /j/ with the alveolar /d/ and articulate it as [did?u] or [did??] (Tyrode, 2008, p.2). Regressive assimilation on the other hand, is where the affected word precedes the word that affects it, as in ‘is she’, where in isolation the word ‘is’ ends with a voiced alveolar fricative /z/ [?z] not its voiceless counterpart. In connected speech however, the final articulation of...
Roach (1998, p.124) states there are two basic types of assimilation, namely progressive and regressive.  Progressive assimilation is where the affected word comes after the word that affects it, as in ‘did you’ [did ju]; for example, in connected speech many speakers would assimilate the approximant /j/ with the alveolar /d/ and articulate it as [didƷu] or [didƷǝ] (Tyrode, 2008, p.2).  Regressive assimilation, on the other hand, is where the affected word precedes the word that affects it, as in ‘is she’, where in isolation the word ‘is’ ends with a voiced alveolar fricative /z/ [ɪz] not its voiceless counterpart.  In connected speech, however, the final articulation of ‘is’ /z/ assimilates with the voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ to and becomes devoiced [ɪs ʃi] (Tyrode, 2008, p.1).   Roach (1998, p.124) states there are two basic types of assimilation, namely progressive and regressive.  Progressive assimilation is where the affected word comes after the word that affects it, as in ‘did you’ [did ju]; for example, in connected speech many speakers would assimilate the approximant /j/ with the alveolar /d/ and articulate it as [didƷu] or [didƷǝ] (Tyrode, 2008, p.2).  Regressive assimilation, on the other hand, is where the affected word precedes the word that affects it, as in ‘is she’, where in isolation the word ‘is’ ends with a voiced alveolar fricative /z/ [ɪz] not its voiceless counterpart.  In connected speech, however, the final articulation of ‘is’ /z/ assimilates with the voiceless postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ to and becomes devoiced [ɪs ʃi] (Tyrode, 2008, p.1).   Brinton (n.d., p.31) provides discussion on progressive and regressive assimilation but adds a further type of assimilation termed coalescent assimilation, wherein two contiguous sounds combine to make a new sound. The most common occurrence of coalescent assimilation for native speakers of English is known as palatalization and occurs when an alveolar consonant precede a palatal/y/ (Brinton, n.d., p.31); for example, in the sentence ‘She needs your help’ [ʃi nidz jɔ hɛlp] the alveolar voiced fricative /z/ becomes palatalized [ʑ]. Apart from being progressive, regressive and coalescent, assimilation in connected speech falls into three further categories: assimilation of place, assimilation of manner, and assimilation of voice. ...Show more

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The paper entitled "Aspects of Connected Speech" dwells on the speech problems of English learners. Admittedly, Many authors have explored aspects of connected speech with English, however, their opinions on which aspects actually belong to this category vary. …
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