Language includes a system of signs and words used by a group of people to express their feelings and thoughts. It facilitates communication, which plays an important role in ensuring the transmission…
Society classifies individuals who speak the same language in a single group. In light of this, it is critical for one to understand the acquisition process and the relevance of the critical period in language acquisition.
There are major theories of language acquisition exist in the development, which include linguistic nativism, behaviorism, and social interactionism. Linguistic nativism infers that language acquisition is a predetermined process. Nativists hypothesize that children are innately able in acquiring language. Supporters of behaviorism inferred that nurture played a main role in children’s acquisition of language. According to them, the environment through different agents such as parents modeled or taught children how to comprehend and speak a specific language. The focus of these theorists was on two major processes, operant and classical conditioning.
The social-interactionism perspective asserts that both innate biological and social factors predispose children’s acquisition of language. According to them innate/biological factors such as a slowly maturing brain capable of assimilating new information and social factors such as parents, teachers influence language development in children. These theorists acknowledge the role of adults in supporting children’s language acquisition through child-directed speech. In addition, they acknowledge children’s personal intentional participation in language acquisition through their reliance on their innate nature.
Before learning the rules that govern language, children communicate through crying and non-verbal communication (gestures). Later, interaction with parents enables them to develop oral language specific to their society and prepares them for the acquisition of other literacy skills. This shows that literacy development is a systematic gradual process. Children move from first stage of communicating (crying and non-verbal communication) to an intermediary stage (oral ...
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Second Language Acquisition
The need and urge to communicate with others in the society is the most dominating factor that influences and accelerates the learning process of first language. According to Yiptong (1991), home and society provides full support to a learner in terms of an environment that is enriched with multiple opportunities to learn first language through language input data.
There is much debate centered on the appropriate time in a person’s life of when to begin learning a second language. Neuroscience perhaps is the best field to resolve this debate. Through the use of neuroimaging techniques, neuroscientists have the ability to identify the structures of the brain involved in primary and second language acquisition.
More than often, researches carried out have pointed out at the role of motivation being the major drive in second language acquisition. More so, second language researchers have associated the important predictors of second language acquisition focus on issues of motivation and anxiety.
In the recent past, globalization trends have dissolved physical boundaries across the globe. Currently, there is free flow of information, goods as well as services from one region to another. This has increased interactions between and amongst communities.
Introduction Language is a very important thing in the world. Obviously, it helps bridge the gap between people. Without language there would probably be no civilization. Language has helped nations develop laws, culture, education, etc. Nowadays, people do not need language only to be civilized.
The challenge is the apparent difficulties that one may face in his attempt to learn his second language of choice. It is a proven fact that the ease of learning and grasping a language is a function of the relationship between one’s first language and the second language (Trimnell 2005, 76).
Furthermore concept such as native like proficiency in terms of learning a foreign language also, invariably forms the basis of such debates. This paper discusses in detail, the concept of critical period hypothesis as proposed by Lennerberg and the various views and
Implementing bilingual education allows the classroom environment to promote English as its primary language and at the same time encourage and revitalize the use of a minority language (Leung, 2005).
Secondary language acquisition and English as a second language (ESL) is a
A child who listens English that is given with the correct pronunciation only can acquire it fast. Whatever is given when young can be acquired in the right mode and it will last long. Language acquisition is not an artificial process and it should not be
Human beings choice of words for particular things, emotions, expressions and much more is like a perfect art or work. Every language has its definite construction of words. When studying language, it is quite fascinating that one can be able to determine the category a word belongs to, even though, the person is clueless of the word’s meaning.
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper
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