Information System in Public Sector Organizations - Essay Example
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It is evidently clear from the discussion that with the emergence of modern information technology, firms and government agencies no longer need to take place in the hierarchy. Contrary to the bureaucracies in the past that adopted command and control as well as the inadequate distribution of information, innovation in information technology has made firms and governments to effectively organize what can be done during their day to day operations. Within the public sector organizations, information technology was primarily adopted to automate existing operations and to increase the speed of communication. E-government has therefore positively impacted on the performance of the organizations. This meant that the paperwork and people were replaced by electrons. Before the introduction of internet and extensive use of personal computers, the major objective of technology use in government was enhancing the management effectiveness of the administrators while at the same time increasing the government productivity. With the diffusion of personal computers in the 1980s, public administrators were provided with personal information technology system, leading to a new period of IT use in government systems. On the other hand, learning as a process has positively impacted on the knowledge management. Through learning within the public organizations, knowledge has gained sufficient momentum. Despite the positive implications of e-government and learning, public sector organizations are faced with quite a number of challenges. This paper seeks to discuss the challenges of the implementation of information system in public sector organizations, using the concepts of e-government and learning in theory and in practice. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) were noted to have a strong impact on the way the public administrators performed their duties. For instance, ICT assisted in service and information delivery, the creation of a networked structure for interconnectivity, effectiveness and efficiency interactivity, decentralization, and accountability among other aspects. E-government entails utilization of internet and the World-Wide-Web to deliver government information and services to citizens.
This research is being carried out to discuss the challenges of the implementation of information system in public sector organizations, using the concepts of e-government and learning in theory and in practice…
The Public Sector is usually defined to include traditional non-profit and social entrepreneurial organizations which are believed to combine social and financial mission (Grimes, 2010). Recently, many public organizations have been under great pressure to increase their productivity, efficiency and quality of service.
However, while organizations get connected to the cyber world for their purposes of work and business, there are other people in the surroundings whose intentions are negative intending to steal important information. Thus cyber security has become an essential part of every organization considering the vulnerability of the information that is dealt with through the use of information systems (Kim & Solomon, 2010, pp.2-5).
According to Modell (2009, p. 277-278), the theory mostly deals with the societal norms, values and requirements pertaining any organisation or business. As Modell explains, Institutional theory has been widely used in organisations whose main objective is realising profit.
A project should be introduced for enhancing the development of a unique training program that meets specific criteria in terms of its cost, its duration and its quality (Olateju, Abdul-Azeez, & Alamutu, 2011, p.1). Evaluation of project – Methods In general, the evaluation of projects has three key parts: a) the identification of costs, b) the identification of outputs and c) the comparison of the findings related to the previous two phases (Marieta, Opreana & Pompiliu 2010, p.132).
These motivations are reduced transaction costs, increased efficiency, optimal matching between requirements and offerings and minimisation of the potential for corrupt procurement practices, ultimately contributing to increased organisational efficiency and performance excellence.
Because of increasing technology and unparalleled reliance to how organizations are run, the practice of ensuring that the security of the organization's information system is a vital aspect of an organization's survival (Willcocks, 1996).
Today's organizations are more interconnected to their environment because of more value being placed by managers towards the use of the Internet in their business processes and strategies.
Public organizations are established to provide an inexpensive medical facility, to provide relief and rescue services and to offer other government based services. On the other hand, the private organizations are only established to earn the profit and amass wealth for owners. They do not have any social agenda or a program.
This essay discusses that compared to the public sector’s programs, the training program suggested for the organization would have such advantage: it would be easier for each employee to talk to the firm’s owner. In public sector, politicians have the role of CEO of large organizations. In the private sector it is easier to visit the firm’s CEO and discuss on all critical employment issues.
A new system, involving the use of accounting software, has been discovered and implemented. The use of accounting software has significantly aided the storage and processing of the accounting information system in the banking sector
There are many instances in which human and animal worlds interact leading to economic, agricultural, medical, social, and psychological benefits. Conversely, there are numerous limitations connected to this interaction such as the transmission of infectious diseases from animals to human beings which are commonly referred to as zoonoses.
15 pages (3750 words)Essay
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