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Discuss the social problem of the death penalty - Essay Example

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The reason that capital punishment represents the social problem is due to the fact that it is both something that is potentially morally wrong and a reaction to crime that has statistically been proven to be ineffective in reducing criminal activity with regards to the specific crimes that incurred the death penalty. As a function of this two-pronged approach, the following analysis will seek to provide the reader with a more profound understanding with regards to the determinants of morality and efficacy that the death penalty ultimately portends. It is the hope of this author that such an analysis will be useful in seeking to understand some of the sociological changes with respect to the death penalty which had been instituted within the past several decades around the globe. Firstly, activists that oppose the death penalty promote the understanding that the death penalty is merely a form of empty retribution. What is meant by this is the fact that compelling statistics, compiled by a litany of different researchers, indicate that the death penalty is entirely ineffective with regards to deterring capital crime. An analysis of states within the United States that employ the death penalty as compared to those that do not, do not exhibit a market differentiation between the overall level and numbers of these crimes committed. On the other hand, activists on the far right of the political spectrum oftentimes promote the belief that the death penalty is morally commanded and should be employed as a means of providing a degree of restitution and closure to the family members who have had others taken from them in such gruesome a manner (Lu 69). Although there is a degree of psychological evidence that closure can be achieved through the application of the death penalty, such a construct does not justify the taking of life; at least in the view of this author as a result of the research which has been conducted. As a direct result of the discomfort that many within society feel with regards to the death penalty, measures to remove the death penalty from many of the criminal justice systems around the United States, and around the world for that matter, have recently been noted. Within the past 40 years, the death penalty has ceased to exist within Western and Central Europe. By the same token, even moderately developed nations within South America and Africa have similarly outlawed the application of the death penalty; deeming it as ruthless and potentially able to take the life of an innocent individual through the fault of an ineffective justice system (Liao 20). This necessarily brings the reader to a comprehension of the moral imperatives that the death penalty poses. Firstly, participating in a jury that is considering a death penalty case This also poses a direct hardship to the individual juror and can be a moral issue that they struggle with for the remainder of their lives. As several scholars have noted, even though it is morally reprehensible to sentence an individual to a lifetime behind bars, it is far more morally reprehensible to send it is an individual to death with even the slightest chance that the person who is believed to have committed the crime may be innocent (Smith & Haney 341). Critics of the death pena ...Show more
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Name Date Course Section/# The Death Penalty: A Sociological Exploration and Analysis One of the most important questions with regards to the field of sociology is with respect to how individuals within society value and esteem the rights of others…
Discuss the social problem of the death penalty
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