Media Essay example
Journalism & Communication
Pages 6 (1506 words)
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Media In the modern world media penetrated all the spheres. The new media has gained popularity and is successfully used by the politicians. Left as well as Right use it for their purposes. It became important to take into account the necessity in alternative media and in finding out the benefits of its usage.


In the article “New media, counter publicity and the public sphere” the authors provide the overview of the work of Habermas and his main ideas. In the works of Habermas, where he depicts the ups and downs of the public sphere, the special attention is paid to the special place of the public that criticizes media. He noticed that because of some changes, which happened due to the development of mass media, the public sphere had to change as well. It is unacceptable to allow media to create certain pattern of the vision that is imposed on the society. Moreover, the horizontal communication was changed to the vertical one. Dawney and Fenton state that “in other words, horizontal communication between citizens is increasingly replaced by vertical communication between mass media, greatly influenced by both the state and capital, and consumers. The space for participatory communication is severely constricted” (Dawney and Fenton 2003:185). Habermas would like to preserve the rational essence from becoming the ideological one. The public sphere is the unique field for citizens to communicate equally and it is the direct way to form the democratic society. Habermas presented his own vision of the public sphere of the 20th century. ...
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