Journalism & Communication
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Argument on the criteria of personhood & its moral implications: Mary Anne Warren was an American philosopher who was famous for her cognitive criterion of personhood, presented to recognize the difference between a person and a human being, as stated below: “ (a) Consciousness (of objects and events external and/or internal to the being), and in particular the capacity to feel pain; (b) Reasoning (the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems); (c) Self-motivated activity (activity which is relatively independent of either genetic or direct external control); (d) The capacity to communicate, by whatever means, messages of an indefinite variety of types, that is, not j


She was in favor of abortion and claimed that as a fetus does not posses any of the above characteristic, it can not be called as a human being. The question is that many grown up individuals lack the above characteristics due to different mental deficiencies so should it be permissible to kill them as they are not human beings as per the above criteria? Dr. Mollenkott is an American feminist who is notably recognized due to her work in feminist, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender theologies. Mollenkott presents her point of view which is very similar to the Warren’s Cognitive criteria. She stated that: “But in all truthfulness, the most that biology can claim is that the fetus is genetically human.... The issue of personhood is one that must be addressed through religious reasoning. ...
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