He has considered three elements to be important for the establishment of democracy which include rational choice, constitutionality and participation. The author has also discussed the importance of public opinion by calling it a ‘public sphere’ and considered it the collective thoughts and opinions of people about political leaders. Lastly, the book highlights the role of media in the process of political communication. The chapter two of the book ‘Politics, democracy and media’ vividly explains the three features of politics, media and democracy with respect to political communication process. The author has identified several aspects that make up the democratic process. The first among the three elements of a democratic regime is constitutionality which is known as the set of rules and procedures that explain the election process and the conduct of people participating in the process. The second element is participation which represents the number of people that have been legally permitted to vote. For instance, the segments of people that have been bestowed with the right to vote are considered to be eligible to participate in voting process. It means that the societies that have deprived its majority of people from a giving a right to vote are not democratic in its essence. The third factor explaining the democratic process is rational choice which includes not only having the right of choosing between the two political parties but also exerting the right as well. The chapter two of McNair’s book explains another important aspect with respect to political communication which is public opinion. McNair defines public opinion as the private thoughts and opinions of general public regarding the political processes surrounding their country. It is believed to be an important characteristic of a democratic process that it taken into consideration the public opinion of people as manifested by the vote they cast in a collective manner favoring one political party. In other words, a democratic government comes into being as a result of the votes given to them by the majority of people in a country representing their public opinion. The author has used the term public sphere for public opinion also which means the arena of social life that gives rise to the formation of public opinion. The book gives a comprehensive understanding of another significant factor playing its part in the democratic process; media. There are five major characteristics of an effective media that is characteristic of a democratic process. Firstly, the media should be able to truly inform the citizens of a country about what is happening around them. It implies explaining the role of media as the force monitoring the activities of a society. Secondly, the media has an educative role that explains the facts of the society by making the people aware of the meanings of various things occurring around them. Thirdly, the media is said to be playing an important role in forming public opinion by providing them with information about the opinions of general public through the platform of media. Fourthly, the media publicizes the part that governmental and public institutions are playing in the interest of general public. For instance, media has been playing an important role in highlighting scandals of various corporations and political organizations thus enabling the citizens to form an opinion for or against them. It hints on the objectivity of media that does not rely on biases and prejudiced
There is no single definition of political communication that could fully explain this term. However, it has been described broadly as the art of communication that involves dealing with public and discussion of politicians in order to achieve certain aims (Fraser, 1996)…
The shared learning gives students an opportunity to engage in discussion, take responsibility for their own learning, and thus become critical thinkers.” In this study, the author explores the potential advantages of collaborative learning versus individual learning in a technical field.
This is perhaps what I have in mind when I opted to see the Icelandic artist Katrin Sigurdardottir's exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which has run since October 2010. I wanted something different than merely appreciating a painting for a two-dimensional point of view.
The relationship between globalisation and the systems of governance is analysed in the following two articles: a) the article of Cerny (1999), under the title ‘Globalisations and the Erosion of Democracy’ and b) the article of Hirst and Thompson (2002), under the title ‘The Future of Globalisation’; both the above articles focus on the role of globalisation in the systems of governance introduced in countries internationally.
However, several food and drink tourism activities can motivate and attract the global visitors along with the students to experience the events. From the perspective of students, these activities can help them to acquire effective knowledge and skills. Tourists love to visit several popular cities around the globe in order to taste the authenticity of local food and experience several attractive events and festivals.
Unless this risky transition is managed properly with all the tools available to educational institutions, there is the possibility that the outcomes may not be satisfactory and lead to underperformance at the higher levels
The author, Lynne Segal illustrates how feminist thinking became equated with lesbianism in particular and homosexuality in general as well as how this shift in thinking has corrupted and stalled a movement that has great potential to effect still more positive societal change these days in the world.
As a function of discussing this alongside presenting an alternative approach, the following analysis will promote an understanding of some of the pros and cons of the utilization of solar energy. The authors hopes that the reader will be able to gain a more informed