StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The QWERTY keyboard - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The QWERTY keyboard

A quintessentially American invention, the QWERTY design demonstrates one of the key principles of human development: the triumph of culture over logic and the survival of a tradition which may not be the fittest for purpose, but certainly wins the prize for durability under pressure. The initial design of the typewriter keyboard was motivated by an intention to slow down the writing process, for technical reasons due to the tendency of the metal keys to stick if they were moved too fast (Baron 27). Through trial and error, early type writer inventor Christopher Latham Sholes from Milwaukee came up with the mechanically optimal arrangement of characters: in four rows, all in upper case (David 333). A further refinement was added by production partner Remington in the form of a letter combination which allowed the word “TYPEWRITER” to be formed using only the top row of characters. (David 27). So it was that the combined demands of technology limitations and sales ambition led to the final QWERTY format. As is the way of things in the modern world, technology moved on rather rapidly, and competitors soon appeared on the horizon, eager to take the ideas that had gone before and transform them into something better and cheaper than existing models. The so-called “Ideal” keyboard appeared in the 1870s, using the sequence DHIATENSOR in the top row, based on a calculation of the frequency of letter use in the English language: these ten letters were sufficient to produce over 70 per cent of words in English (David 334). Other ideas which have emerged since then include the use of an arrangement based on alphabetical order and the famous Dvorak layout which places the most common consonants in the central right hand position and the vowels on the left. The aim of this distribution is to shorten the distance between the most common letters, and encourage left and right hands to work in sequence (Bridger 380) with the result that typing on this keyboard layout becomes both faster and more accurate than the original QWERTY arrangement. The Dvorak arrangement (see figure 1 below) was named after its creator Dr August Dvorak, and the patent was filed in 1936, at a time when industrial factory-style systems were common, and typing pools were set up as a way of speeding up business communications. Fig. 1 QWERTY and Dvorak keyboards compared. Source: Bridger, p. 381. On the face of it, these alternative layouts look like eminently sensible improvements based on a desire to better match the machine layout to the natural attributes of the human hands and mind. In practice, however, these later layouts have been rejected by mainstream typewriter and later also computer production in favour of the early QWERTY version. This raises the question why the older model has stuck, and improvements have been rejected. The answer comes down to a combination of different factors. Some of these are due to the momentum that the QWERTY layout gained in the critical years of atomization in the United States. As companies were set up they designed integrated systems which fed into each other, so that for example sales, processing of orders and invoicing were conducted by letter and telephone, and instead of handwritten ledgers, typewritten documents were used, and then retained in filing systems. People were appointed to undertake these tasks, equipment was bought, training was provided and everyone ...Show more

Summary

The QWERTY keyboard The strange word QWERTY, with its capitalization of all the letters and absence of a letter “U” after the letter “Q”, defies the rules of English orthography and yet has become the marker of one of the most ubiquitous conventions of modern writing: the keyboard…
Author : plangosh
The QWERTY keyboard essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The QWERTY keyboard"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Human Computer Interaction for Commercial Applications
Therefore, the user interface plays a pivotal role in making a device worthwhile. As it was discussed in the first assignment, MotoRazr2 has a poor UI design. The second external display of MotoRazr2 is a 2-inch display (240 x 320 pixels) having a super-sensitive touch with 256k colors (GSMArena, 2012).
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
CAMPBELL KEYBOARD CORPORATION
The supply manager for Campbell Keyboard, Jim Smith was in such of an RF transmitter for their new order from Plum Computer. Owing to the complexity of the design of the RF transmitter approved by Plum Computer, Ingborg indicated that it would be more difficult to make it thus requiring more time.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Computer Keyboard
These are called as the output devices. Keyboard is one of the primary input devices that most of the modern computers use for the input of data/instruction. There are a series of changes that a keyboard has gone through within a span of around 130 years that a keyboard was first invented.
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Business and Management Research Methodology
undertaking information searches in an academic context, using academic libraries, online resources, or archives; iii recognition of the appropriate boundaries of the literature in a selected field and make judgments about what should be excluded, to produce a critical analysis of relevant literature; iv showing an awareness of the different methodological and theoretical frameworks that can be adopted in the analysis; v collection and analysis of data using the chosen method, and a discussion of the process and the ethical issues involved; vi.
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Text-Messaging and Orality
4) We can see the sagacity of McLuhan words as our evolving technological communication devices, emphasize mobility and connectivity. This connectivity does not apply to the external world but indeed many features are designed and desired for their ergonomic conformity.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Computer Science
Data might in the form of text, image ,sound or numbers .But whatever may be the form of data , a computer recognizes only 0's and 1's and therefore a user's data needs to be converted into appropriate binary form to be able to be processed by a computer .
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
History of the keyboard
These are called as the output devices. Keyboard is one of the primary input devices that most of the modern computers use for the input of data/instruction. There are a series of changes that a keyboard has gone through within a span of around 130 years that a keyboard
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Computer devices
The author gives other examples of wireless technology such as GPS units, garage door openers and or garage doors, wireless computer mice, keyboards and headsets, satellite television and cordless telephones Wireless keyboard is the latest development in the field of computer keyboards. He presents various types of wireless keyboards.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
UDL Solutions Plan: Step Four
All these technologies have been reviewed and discussed in the presentation to the District Panel on Students with Disabilities by Richard’s Sociology teacher. The panel was created by the Department of Education in 1987 to ensure that
2 pages (500 words) Essay
TypeWriter
However, the used machine has been overtaken by technological advancement due to its inability to be flexible and meet several demands. The typewriters are still being used today in different places for typing addresses on
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation