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How does the mainstream practice of journalism influence how conflict is covered?
Journalism & Communication
Pages 7 (1757 words)
How Mainstream Practice of Journalism Influences How Conflict Covered Before mid to late 1990s, conflict sensitive journalism did not exist; its predecessor had been the concept of hate media and propaganda that resulted in genocides and civil wars. In the late 1990s, however, stakeholders realised the power of the media and the role it had played in fuelling numerous conflicts.
This was as a solution to previous excesses of the media that had either negative or no effects on conflict formation, escalation, solution and termination. However, like all new concepts, the newly born conflict sensitive media did not have a user manual and journalists and media houses had with them a new tool that they had no idea how to use. Government sponsored print and electronic media were the most common in those early days and, therefore, the public always heard what the governments wanted them to hear; mainly due to media control by their main sponsor, who was at the time the government. Governments used the media to downplay conflicts and conceal facts that they did not want their citizens to know, resulting in selective dissemination of crucial information. With the advent of strong civil society movements and the spread of capitalism, individuals and corporation got the rights to own and run media houses that were free from control by governments. However, this did not solve the problem with conflict sensitive journalism, as journalists in these media houses did not know how to implement the strategy (Lynch and McGoldrick 2005, p. 197). According to Lynch (2008, p. ...
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