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Globalization and Advancing Technology
Journalism & Communication
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Answer 1 Globalization and advancing technology have significantly influenced international relations. The inter dependency of states in the process of socio-economic development has become a highly pertinent issue. In the international relations, while the state remains the central focus, Waltz (1979: 93, 94) asserts that ‘states are not and never have been the only international actors….importance of nonstate actors and the extent of transnational activities are obvious’.
Most importantly, it is designed towards more equitable distribution of resources vis-a-vis goods and human capital across the geographical boundaries. Role of non state actors is emphasized in conflict resolution, negotiation process and raising issues that influence common interests like international peace, environment and sustainable development, human rights, financial aid etc. The barriers in cooperation develop due to exigencies and political dichotomy within the states and nexus between goals of non state actors and international trade (Gourevitch, 2002). The external factors like socio-economic, political and environment have huge impact on trade. They create a nexus between the non state actors and issues that considerably impact civil society. Stiglitz (2007) says that interests of nations are compromised by the American hegemony in the international financial institutes like World Bank and IMF. NGOs mostly use social concerns to influence international trade policies and methods of operations. ...
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