StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Habermas the Public Sphere - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Habermas the Public Sphere

1-13). According to many political theorists, the public sphere is an important entity for a strong democracy. The public and the private spheres acquired a clear distinction in the 17th and 18th century. The public sphere usually consists of informal citizen discussions and deliberations that lead to the formation of a public opinion which is rational enough to guide and influence political systems. Habermas has given a complete outline of the public sphere in The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society. (1989). This piece of work outlines the public sphere critical theory in a systematically developed manner (Dahlgren, 1995, p. 44). The public sphere thus develops from the realms of public authority as well as private relations. The private relations may involve the family and the civil society at large. The private individuals, therefore, come together to form the public sphere. They are driven by the notion of speech without censorship as well as the desire for unified reasoning. According to Habermas, therefore, the public sphere involves both historical economic and political concerns. He continues to explain that every communication contains a communicative action which is oriented towards an agreement. Whenever a matter concerning living together as a people with differences is debated, the public sphere is always constituted. The public sphere became more of a commercial and entertainment entity rather than its conserving its political character. The shift from the original character to other commercialized versions is documented in the press. Habermas, therefore, looks at the integration of literature and journalism as well as the role played by mass media. The public sphere was also affected by the emergence of mass media. The apparent evolution of the communications environment has made the public sphere to change to a platform for advertisements. As a result of these, there emerges a new class of participants such as public relations practitioners (Thompson, 1993, p. 67). Democracy, according to Habermas, is founded on the world of life. It is this world of life that enables free communication between different people. It also drives people into pursuing private and individual interests as opposed to common goals in life. The media plays a crucial role in any democracy. This comes easier, of course, if the environment is right. Such an environment is one which consists of the requisite skills that enable democratic reporting. The media is most of the time flooded with advertisements that target some individual tastes. The information that is presented is also based on the pre-existing views. There should, therefore, be mechanisms which check for public accountability as well as professionalism in media operations. One of the characteristics that identify a democracy is the independence of the media. This is strengthened by the financial viability of the media organizations. Financial strength ensures that the media operates in an environment free of external influences, especially political influences (Hallin, 1994, p.12). The media is also an essential for checking the political system when that system is unable to meet the social expectations. The media is, however, not expected to entertain political bias or partisan reporting at all. Accessibility of the media ...Show more

Summary

Habermas the Public Sphere Name: Institution: The public sphere is a social area where people get together and discuss problems that affect them in their society. In other words, it is a site where public opinion is formed. These discussions are usually meant to influence or stir political action to address the problems…
Author : magdalen02
Habermas the Public Sphere essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Habermas the Public Sphere"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

To what extent do the news media fulfill Habermas' definition of public sphere
289). These news media have been considered to promote the public sphere in many ways since they create a forum through which citizens can share their thoughts and ideas. Habermas gives his thoughts on what the public sphere means to him. He considers it to be an arena where citizens can meet and share their views.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Habermas Public Sphere-Market Forces or Political Forces and the Decline of the Public Sphere
With various analysts and researchers having diverse views on the concept of the ‘public’ and ‘public sphere’, Habermas is of the opinion that the two concepts cannot be overlooked. It is in this context that the society is on the verge of a continued study of the terms so as to come up with an inclusive understanding of the terms.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Concept of the Public Sphere and the Internet
Habermas' explorations of the public sphere and his repeated attempts to identify the features that characterise a genuine democracy represent a central theme of his continuous work. The intensive discussion about the role of the Internet in Habermas' schema of the public sphere was launched in the early 1990s and continues up to now.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Role Of The Public Sphere
Further, the public sphere has come to function in the context of the global village concept. While this may raise the question of "cultural imperialism", one has to realise that in the interpretation and evaluation of its various methods of display and communication, the public sphere has become a strong purveyor of the idea of opening up societies to each other besides a relevant model upon which various studies like those of consumer patterns, may be based.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Media, Citizenship, Public Opinion and Spin
Cyber media is the news and information that is transmitted through internet. Out of these mass media covers the print and electronic media. These two types of media cover a vast population of an area, state or a nation. 1 In the past the radio networks used to be in the place of television.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Public Sphere Theory
IX). It is necessary to point out that Jrgen Habermas defines the public sphere not according to its social, economic or political structure, but based on the function it serves. That is, he describes the public sphere as a forum for the discursive formation of public opinion and public discourse, which counteracts the power of the state.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Is there a public sphere online
Habermas’ explorations of the public sphere and his repeated attempts to identify the features that characterise a genuine democracy represent a central theme of his continuous work. The
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Why might Livingstone and Lunts approach to infotainment be criticized from Habermas perspective on the public sphere
The concept of communication further received varied perspectives with philosophers like St. Thomas Aquinas outlining that Christianity involved the recognition that God communicates to men through nature in a variety of
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Glenn Hendler's Pandering in the public Sphere: Masculanity and the Market in Horatio Alger
And how does it affect the population? In defining the concept of public sphere, I will adopt the position espoused by Jurgen Habermas – a philosopher and social critic- who stated that public sphere refers to a social life’s domain in
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Provide an analysis of how a specific media institution strengthens and/or undermines ideas about the public sphere. Draw on academic literature to support your argument
However, today, due to the spread of the internet and Facebook, people can discuss such matters at the comfort of their home. Also, today, people of all ages, backgrounds and even females, have a say in the public sphere. This paper concludes that the future of the public
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us