2. Literature Review 2.1 Introduction Since the first female war correspondent covered conflicts in World War I, there has always been controversy over whether ‘feminine’ writing styles should be encouraged in reporting news from dangerous places, especially when the writers are mothers of young children (Chambers et al, 2004: 198)…
This is due to the agendas, styles and topics of news that female correspondents demonstrate; this is referred to by many scholars as ‘feminine’ news (Chambers et al, 2004: 2). Chambers et al (2004: 2) indicate that women’s reports “adopted a human-interest approach and were labelled as having a women’s angle”. Nevertheless, Akers (1988: 2) argued that male and female reporters write similar stories. Male correspondents also wrote ‘human interest’ stories. In the field of broadcasting, a growing number of women are being sent to war zones to cover conflicts so as to highlight the “drama of reporting in a market-driven profession” (Chambers et al, 2004: 197). For example, in 2011 Lara Logan was sexually assaulted in Cairo by violent mobs when she was conducting a live interview in front of the camera. Logan commented: “I was more afraid of being raped than shot” (quoted in Eagar, 2011). Manyon (2001: 16) suggests that the physical charms of Lara Logan are to her advantage, but these physical features would not help her when reporting in a war zone; professional skills (self-protection and journalistic skills) are the key advantages when doing reporting during a war. Therefore, there are some differences between female and male correspondents in terms of news writing style, gathering news and also in physiology in a war zone. The aim of the research is to investigate the difference of news writing styles (content) and news gathering between female and male war correspondents to do with war coverage. I will also explore the advantages and disadvantages of female correspondents on news writing and gathering news in war zones. I will explore the benefits and drawbacks of the female war correspondents so as to give a clear view for female correspondents to maximize their goodness and minimize their abuse and create higher quality reporting on war coverage. I will also make contributions for news agencies to hunt the appropriate journalists in a suitable place. Moreover, this also helps to the public to pay more attention to female war correspondents. In addition, the research is going to study the efforts of the media. Gender aspects play an important role in journalism studies, no matter whether from a positive or negative perspective. 2.2 Significance Journalism should always be faithful and objective when expressing the nature of delicate matters. However, can journalists and news editors really conduct news editing without becoming emotionally involved? Everyone has a different writing style that is unique to them. News writing by nature is very personalized. Journalism writing is related to character, race and gender factors. This research believes that journalism has been combined with ideology. Nowadays, post-modern feminists claim that women and men should be seen equally in all aspects of society. They that believe woman can take all kinds of responsibilities that were usually taken by men. They also claim that the payment for work shall be same between men and women. However, in journalism there are some differences between men and women, particularly in news writing and news gathering procedures. This research retorts the viewpoint of the average post-modern female. For the literature review, I will give a brief introduction and background about the topic in general. Secondly, I will give a critical ...
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