To what extent do the news media fulfill Habermas' definition of public sphere?

To what extent do the news media fulfill Habermas
Journalism & Communication
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TO WHAT EXTENT DO THE NEWS MEDIA FULFIL HABERMAS’ DEFINITION OF THE PUBLIC SPHERE? Name Course Instructor Institution Date Abstract There are a variety of news media which publicize important information to the public. Each particular medium has its own advantages and disadvantages in the way in which it notifies the public major happens round the world (Marx, 2002, p.


By saying meeting it does not necessarily mean practical meetings, but rather it refers to any forum in which citizens can be heard. This essay tries to explore the different ways in which televisions in particular promotes the idea of public sphere. Odugbemi (2008, p.15) agrees that since televisions are among the news media that visually present their news, they have been found to be the most preferred news medium. According to Habermas, public sphere is a domain in which public views and opinions are formed (Marx, 2002, p. 295). It can also be said to be an arena where people meet, share ideas regarding the public, discuss this ideas and finally come up with a public opinion. The arena can be looked at from different perspectives for instance it can be a particular place where people meet (social halls), or it can be an infrastructural communication facility through which individuals can exchange opinions (television). Habermas considers the public sphere to be a utility that promotes participatory democracy, since democracy emphasizes on citizens’ right of expression. Marx (2002, p. 324) contends that good functioning of the public sphere stresses on good participatory of citizens in matters of the public like governance. ...
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