The current modernity is part of the radical break of the transition from industrial to a risk society. Humans must now deal with the global risks introduced by scientific and technological inventions that provide conceptual and technical tools that enable humans identify, quantify, and mitigate risks. The transformations from traditional to modern societies create fundamental societal evolutions that can provide guidelines during risk management. Beck (1992) outlines characteristics and differences between two periods that have caused the risk society. The first period is the industrial society that created a class society corresponding to the primary modernization (Beck, 1992). The second period of the risk society creates a reflexive modernity. The Post-war boom and triumph of capitalism after the cold war created a new form of social organization characterized by individualization. This individualization created successive crises caused by threats to health, economic and medical activities, and scientific environment. These challenges remain at the forefront of public debates and limit expert opinions and regulations (Beck, 1992). The challenges from the scientific environment led to the Chernobyl disaster and catastrophes in Toulouse and New York. These attacks and accidents ushered in the risk society caused by advancement in the field of social advancements created by science and capitalism. According to Beck (1992), the social transformation predominant in the western societies is one of the causes of the risk society. Modernization has led to technological and scientific progress as well as disembodied risks associated with modern technology. Advancement in technology has led to incalculability of consequences associated with the use of these technologies. This was evident during the cold war due to the military inventions of the Soviet Union (Beck, 1992). Western countries felt threatened by the weapons developed by the Soviet Union during the cold war. The western governments had to define enemy capabilities by estimating the number of nuclear warheads owned by the Soviet Union. The west had to pinpoint the targets of the soviet missiles and plan retaliatory attacks in case the soviet army launched attacks. These uncertainties and risks were caused by technological advancements of the modern society. Industrialization and scientific innovations had led to the development of long range nuclear warheads that caused tension between the Soviets and the West. Technological inventions pose threats such as cyber crime to the western countries. Information security is a major concern for several institutions. This has led to counter inventions that protect information and curb cyber crime. Huawei, a Chinese company, has developed hardware technologies that prevent cyber crimes to ensure data security for businesses and governments (The Economist, 2012). Globalization has helped the company expand its services from china to other regions in Africa and Asia. The company has since appealed to the British government to purchase its equipment. The government has the responsibility of protecting its citizens from some of the risks and receives blame when disaster strikes. The British signals-intelligence agency is working together with Huawei to test the equipment to protect the citizens against cyber attacks (The Economist,
Risk Society Name Institution Tutor Date Risk Society Influential sociological risk literature is applied when analyzing security politics, health issues, and communication. These fields are increasingly infused with notions such as prevention, precaution, and risk management instead of the common logic of threat elimination and defense…
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF BECK’S THEORY OF RISK SOCIETY TO OTHER CONTEMPORARY THEORETICAL APPROACHES BACKGROUND: Sociologists have long been engrossed in research on societal distinctions and this has led them to crave for neologism as an integral part of their activities.
Twain has highly celebrated literature from the west. Midwest identity is among the concepts addressed in various literatures of the United States. Twains work, Life on the Mississippi, remains a masterpiece literature in the Midwest given the impact it creates on the readers about Midwest identity.
To finance its operations, the government need to collect revenue through taxation (Grau, 2003). It has however been realized that there exist some concepts surrounding tax imposition and collection that tend to make it difficult to effectively collect the taxes.
He presented the theoretical and the practical recognition of the field. He also framed up the new rules in the method of sociology. He firstly studied the prospect of the social theory in accordance with the social and political boundaries and then framed up his principles on the issue (Giddens, 1979, pp.
Modern industrial and agricultural productions adversely affect the environment in two ways: through withdrawal and addition. Withdrawals of natural resources to feed the increasing needs of the global modern industries have caused resource depletion both by overusing non-renewable resources and using renewable resources faster than their natural capacity to replenish.
He is a pump-up patriot eager to serve his country by killing a few Iraqis. But as a time goes by, he's got boredom, he has been disillusioned, frustrated, and slightly- craze.
In the contrary, the statement of Swofford that " If wars were fought only by the men on the ground, the men facing one another in real battle, most wars would end quickly and sensibly.
What are rules, and what are resources, in this terminology (Giddens 1977) It is this question among others that inspired Giddens evolving theory of structuration in the world of Sociology. Simply stated, Giddens has completely invented the notion and subsequent theories of structuration.
Till the end of 18th century, rounded female figures like in Ruben's curvaceous paintings had been appreciated and only in late nineteenth century, the thin and slim female body was coveted 'as an ideal for most women.' Anorexia and bulimia go together leading to serious eating disorders and if not clinically and psychologically treated, could lead to starvation and death.
ernet has given the consumers enough freedom in identifying products from different international markets and moreover they can purchase anything they want using a credit card through internet. The globalization has opened the doors for the entry of foreign products in the
In this context, Beck’s definition of a world risk society is all too relevant and apt when we consider the propensity to predict world events that is the pet theme of all sociologists and futurists. Beck defined risk as ‘the modern approach to foresee
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