StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Literature review - Research Paper Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Literature review

In Edwin’s view, it was wrong to use information collected from men to arrive at conclusions about the entire society without seeking the views of both women and men. He argued that it was this hierarchy in society that had rendered women voiceless over the years. The main proponent of the theory is Cheris Kramarae. The Muted Group Theory has been used for purposes of communication studies. Cheris Kramarae, once a professor in charge of Women’s Studies, worked with various lecturers from around the world. According to Cheris Kramarae, the ideas contained in the Muted Group Theory state that men created communication as a tool for taking advantage of women (Kramarae, 1981). The theory requires women to play strictly within the confines of the language developed by man and are therefore not allowed to have their own way of expressing their feelings and thoughts. Muted group theory also provides an explanation as to why there are groups in society that have a voice while some are mute. In her 1974 study, Chen's Kramarae focused on how the characters in cartoons are quite deceptive. She noted that the female cartoon characters were portrayed as being apologetic and emotional. They are also depicted as flowery and vague in the way they communicate. Words such as pretty and nice are used to refer to these characters. It is from this initial study that she found evidence that supported the muted group theory (Griffin, 1997, p. 459). LITERATURE REVIEW The first book that I will analyze is the book written by Belenky titled Women's ways of knowing: the development of self, voice and mind. In this book, the author analyzes the way women’s feelings are not adequately served. The author argues that this is probably the reason why women face challenges when trying to climb the corporate ladder (Belenky, 1986). The author also states that in many cultures women are ignored and often discouraged from joining male dominated industries even when they have the knowledge required. What was disappointing about this book was that the Muted Group theory was not mentioned and I had to critically analyze it in order to gather relevant information out of it. The author also used several theorists to explain herself which made the book even more complicated to analyze. The second book I will review is a book by Griffen titled the ‘Proprietors of language' and argues that language was developed by men and that women were not consulted in its development. In this case men are referred to as the dominate group while women, the mute group (Griffen, 2004). Muted Group theory is used to explain the reason why some groups in the society; in this case women are silent. According to Ardener, this group that is muted can be studied from a gendered outlook. Females behave differently from males because they are constructed in a different way. It is these same differences that Ardener argues qualify women to be classified among the muted groups and undervalued in society. The aspect of this book that I did not like was that the chapters were not directly related to the Muted Group theory either. The issues discussed were however quite interesting despite not being topical. It was however ...Show more

Summary

Literature Review - Sports illustrated A Reflection of Societies Acceptance of The Muted Group Theory Savanah Alexander CTAC 354 Communication Theories Professor K. Rassenhasmussen 16 Feb 2013 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND This literature review seeks to study the Muted Group Theory and identify how the swimsuit video advertisement entitled “Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Las Vegas” is an example of how society accepts this theory…
Author : kking
Literature review essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Literature review"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Literature review
As a result of the prevailing dynamism in the present world, managing the organizational administration has grown up to be a complex phenomenon and this complexity has been immensely impacted by rapid changes in the environment. The environmental changes are again stimulated by both internal and external forces as well (Getahun, 2003).
10 pages (2500 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
The assessment of the psychiatric condition of a child starts by first getting the mental history of the child preferably by interviewing the parent or the child. Different psychological disorders affect people in different ages. The people affected by the psychological disorders face many hardships in their daily lives.
9 pages (2250 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
Bardot Sandrine is an author of various publications in the world of economics. She has written an article titled Emiratisation and Compensation & Benefits. Here, she focuses on the methods that organizations and companies can apply with the aim of improving lives through Emiratisation.
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
Upon examining the role of knowledge economy, foreign direct investment (FDI) and trade, political stability, and sustainability of each nation, a research study on the development patterns of all the BRIC emerging markets will be conducted. Knowledge
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
LITERATURE REVIEW
To eradicate the vice, it is important for policy makers to decipher major factors that attract an increasing number of people to use and deal with the illegal substances. Moreover, rehabilitation of the convicted persons and
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
Several drugs have been considered illegal and present harmful effects to the societal members. Marijuana, cocaine and heroin have been the key sources of crime within the societal
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Literature review
The authors have used research to substantiate their results and empirical evidence is presented. The authors have also used relevant theories and framework in
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Literature review
The limitation of the article though, is that it is unable to answer whether providing employees with benefits is the sole answer to solving the fundamental employee-organization cooperation problem. The purpose of
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
The other aims include preservation of the minority groups’ cultural and linguistic heritage and enabling the English speakers to learn new languages such as Spanish and French.
9 pages (2250 words) Research Paper
Literature Review
Existing literature suggests lack of adherence to existing guidelines on management of hypertension. Blood pressure cut offs are recommended by JNC-7 as bases for diagnosing hypertension and failure to
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation