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One Child Policy Social Impacts: Gender Imbalance
Journalism & Communication
Pages 6 (1506 words)
Impact of one child policy Name Lecturer Date Impact of one child policy One child policy, also referred to as family planning policy, is a policy of population control in the Republic of China, which restricts couples to one child in urban areas and allowing, in cases of ethnic minorities, twins, rural couples, additional children (Shen & Huang, 2005).
Majority of couples prefer male children for reasons of family property inheritance. This has seen the rise of premature abortions for female fetus. Families prefer male children and therefore have seen a decline on female children as every family want to have a male child (Greenhalgh, 2008). The one child policy has since received criticisms from various scholars and humanitarians. Some of the critics are discussed in this paper. Family is the most complex and important institution in the society. It plays an important role to socialization in children; it helps develop the child’s intellect and personality. The People’s Republic of China found it necessary to maintain the country’s population as it is rapidly increasing, so it implemented the one child policy (OCP). Since the OCP was enforced over two decades ago, over 400 million births have been supposedly stopped and recent statistics state that over 90 percent of all urban children and over 60 percent of rural children have no siblings. Although the OCP has been reviewed in the past and showed success rates, its future implications are threatening to the social aspect of the country. Such implications create a huge gender imbalance in the country, which eventually leads to threatening social issues such as prostitution. ...
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