Majority of couples prefer male children for reasons of family property inheritance. This has seen the rise of premature abortions for female fetus. Families prefer male children and therefore have seen a decline on female children as every family want to have a male child (Greenhalgh, 2008). The one child policy has since received criticisms from various scholars and humanitarians. Some of the critics are discussed in this paper. Family is the most complex and important institution in the society. It plays an important role to socialization in children; it helps develop the child’s intellect and personality. The People’s Republic of China found it necessary to maintain the country’s population as it is rapidly increasing, so it implemented the one child policy (OCP). Since the OCP was enforced over two decades ago, over 400 million births have been supposedly stopped and recent statistics state that over 90 percent of all urban children and over 60 percent of rural children have no siblings. Although the OCP has been reviewed in the past and showed success rates, its future implications are threatening to the social aspect of the country. Such implications create a huge gender imbalance in the country, which eventually leads to threatening social issues such as prostitution. Throughout the years, the drawbacks of the OCP have become more apparent. Even though the one child policy is seen as beneficial globally, it causes social impacts such as gender imbalance, which often leads to threatening social issues (Morelle, 2013). One and only child in a family result into lack of social skills among young adults in China. People born after 1980 have tended to experience short marriages with poor ability to work in teams. Social pressure amounts on single children due to the tendency to pamper them and not expose them to real work. This has led to social problems since the child is “spoilt” by the parents, and may have very high expectations from their child to excel since it is the only one. This may result into little emperor/Buddha syndrome. The social pressure from one child policy has impacted the rate at which children are abandoned by parents, and the number of children living in orphanages sponsored by the state. In late 1980s and very early 1990s, high rates of mortality and poor care in some of the institutions of the state generated an intense pressure internationally for reform (Richard, 2012). China’s population is currently over 1.3 billion and has been rapidly increasing (CIA). The one child policy is a law that has been initiated in order to help curb the population growth rate. Since the 1950s, China has been promoting the use of birth control and family planning. The OCP was implemented mostly in urban areas with the exception of ethnic groups in rural areas. Methods were enforced such as making contraceptive methods available as well as forced abortions and sterilizations. This resulted into a decline in China’s fertility rate and birth rate since the 1990s, limiting the families with one or two children. Parents also over indulge in the child resulting into high tendency towards cooperation and communication skills among the children due to lack of siblings. Children are also over indulged, have no adaptive capabilities, and lack self and social discipline. Other negative effects include: gender imbalance, and
Impact of one child policy Name Lecturer Date Impact of one child policy One child policy, also referred to as family planning policy, is a policy of population control in the Republic of China, which restricts couples to one child in urban areas and allowing, in cases of ethnic minorities, twins, rural couples, additional children (Shen & Huang, 2005)…
However, due to increasing concerns of rural unstableness, liberal relaxations of Chinese rural policies were announced between 1984 and 1989. Under one-child policy, a couple from urban area can have only one -child whereas a couple from rural area may have two kids if the first kid is a girl.
It is evident from the research that the law is a joint effort by the legislature and judiciary to create a model for the rules that govern society. The quest for the perfect model may be a perpetual venture. Yet, the goal should always be to achieve a model that best matches the realities of the society it governs. As society changes, so must the rules that govern it.
For some, it is not possible to imagine how life would be without technology as part of it. For most complex things that were traditionally perceived as impossible, technology has provided safe, secure and fast solutions that contribute to higher performance.
Experts who were part of the implementation argue that it was only introduced as a temporary measure to halt the rise in population growth. While this intention cannot be questioned the implementation of the policy over the years has resulted in an imbalance within the population both within the male and female gender as well as between the older and younger generation.
This policy is accompanied by vigorous campaigns emphasizing the need for individual sacrifice for collective good (Stein, 1995, p. 31). China became one of the largest economies worldwide due to its effective implementation of policies (Chang, 2008, p. 10).
Sharp evaluation of this policy, opposition and praise have emanated from various individuals and groups. The policy has been implemented within China with significant success. This has led to a sharp drop in the growth of the Chinese population. Criticisms have been staged from the international community against this policy because it has been viewed as a direct violation of fundamental human rights (Chow, Esther and Zhao 35).
China's compulsory one-child population policy was initially established based on the 1980 population factors. The factors included signs of overpopulation (Chen 403). During this time, the people were happy with the revision of China’s prior cultural concepts.
Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746).
At a macro level, effects such as sex ratio imbalance, increase in the cost of education as well as an increased dependency ratio are some of the effects that continue to be felt. This paper will discuss and analyze the adverse effects
The policy restricts families to have only one child in an effort to control the population. The aim of the policy was to relieve from the pressure of a rapidly growing population. The government believed the one-child policy was a step towards a high rate of
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