The Concept of Rights - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
The Concept of Rights

By "property" he means "life, liberty, and estate". The philosopher begins by asserting that each individual, at a minimum, "owns" himself, because he is free and equal in the state of nature.
In the Second Treatise, Locke espoused the idea of government by consent (representative government). Since there is no natural hierarchy among human beings, any subordination of one to another must be conventional. This convent is called the social contract. In this way, Locke argues that a full economic system could, in principle, exist within the state of nature. Property could therefore predate the existence of government, and thus society can be dedicated to the protection of property. When one joins civil society, however, one joins one's property to it to be regulated by the community. As a practical matter, in every society, a part must rule the whole. As the majority is composed of more wills and is stronger than the minority, the will of society must be determined by the majority. This makes liberal democracy a moral imperative. At a minimum, the majority must support the regime in power; in practice, this support can be demonstrated only by including something like a Parliament in the government. It must be said that the people rule themselves. ...
Download paper

Summary

If one tries to compare the concept of "rights" in works by John Locke, in "The Declaration of Independence", and in "The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen", one could see that these works have much in common: to put it more precisely, these works contain similar concepts of "rights" adapted for the existing economic, social and political conditions.
Author : jarvis50

Related Essays

Discuss the concept of 'jurisdiction' in Article 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights
Else , a state may control the affairs by initiating administrative or executive action, which intrudes more pervasively on the happenings of events , as by implementing its laws or through the verdicts of its courts. Jurisdiction pertains to both the internal law of each state and in the international law. The jurisdiction in international law establishes the allowable limits of a state jurisdiction in the different forms it may assume, while the jurisdiction in internal law connotes the magnitude to which, and the style in which, the state, in reality, affirms its jurisdiction. In Lotus...
14 pages (3514 words) Essay
The relationship between justice or rights.
It can be noted that there is a correlation between the concepts of rights and law. As such, this paper seeks to critically analyse the relationship between rights and law. It starts by defining these two concepts in order to get a full understanding of their meanings. The main part of the paper discusses the theoretical framework underpinning these two concepts. Human rights are literally the rights that one has simply because he or she is human. Donnely (1998, p. 3) posits to the effect that “human rights, because they rest on nothing more than being human being, are universal, equal and...
15 pages (3765 words) Essay
Human rights are interdependent and indivisible: International protection of human rights
Human rights are considered universal as well as inalienable; they are also indivisible and interdependent. Their universality is based on the fact that once a person is born, he already possesses rights. The inalienability is founded on the fact that these rights cannot be taken away. The interdependent nature of the rights is based on the fact that all rights are equally important and cannot be enjoyed without others. Throughout history however, human rights violations have been rampant, often compromising the welfare of citizens. This paper shall discuss the fact that human rights are...
7 pages (1757 words) Essay
HUMAN RIGHTS
These violations show up in one form or other ranging from domestic violence to religious extremism, ethnocentric outlook of the societies, exploitation of the weak, human trafficking, poverty, all these make up for human rights violation. The mandate on human rights came to forth in 2000 when the general secretary proposed a mandate classification for human rights protection. The nongovernmental organizations as well as the intergovernmental organizations in different countries strive for ensuring implementation of human rights on all levels. Other sources constitute the Security Council...
6 pages (1506 words) Assignment
HUMAN RIGHTS
What are Human Rights? Human Rights can broadly be defined as a set of various international norms that have been designed to help in the protection of all people all over the world from any form of severe social, legal and political abuses. Common examples of human rights generally include the right of an individual not to face any torture, the right to have freedom of religion as well as the undeniable right for one to have affair trial in the event that they happen to be charged with a crime (Orend 2002). The main sources of the current versions of human rights include the International...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Human Rights/Political Rights
In his writings, he deals with the concept of just actions on the part of government officials and defines just actions as actions undertaken for the good of the majority. In dealing with the concept of governmental freedom and boundaries, he conceived of the concept of utilitarianism whereby the actions are men are judge based on their ability to bring good to the vast majority. In his conception of freedom, he viewed men as dynamic beings-beings capable of making autonomous decisions and assessing whether those decisions will benefit the vast majority. He embodied the notion that in...
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
concept of human rights and its role in the legal,moral and political world
Much more job is required to inject human rights and the voice of the migrants into the mainstream of making policy in this area. “The wider vision of human rights allows for consideration of the problems of hunger, poverty, and violence facing billions of people” (Clapham 2007)....
2 pages (502 words) Outline
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!