Rights of the Unborn in the UK and EU - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Rights of the Unborn in the UK and EU

There are multiple arguments for and against abortion in the UK. However, the right to life has been historically protected by state parties with appropriate legislation. The rights of the unborn are protected by the states. Historically, laws were promulgated to promote the rights of the unborn. For example, Article 6 of the Convention of the Rights of the Child states: a.) States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life; and, b.) States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child. The Offences against the Person Act Section 58 of the Act made abortion a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment from three years to life even when performed for medical reasons. The legalization of abortion in recent times has effectively removed that protection. Infant Life Preservation Act 1929 and Abortion Act of 1967 provided the exceptions to this 1861 Act. The arguments for abortion insist on the welfare of the mother, the rights of the unborn child born without disability and the concept that an unborn child is not a person. Several international laws govern the protection of the rights of the unborn child: the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the American Convention on Human Rights, the European Convention of Human Rights and the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). ...
Download paper


The right to life of the unborn was historically protected by British laws on abortion. The English common law did not prosecute for abortions performed before quickening. In 1803, with Lord Ellenborough's Act, Parliament enacted statutes overriding this relatively lenient stance …
Author : estebankuphal

Related Essays

Influences of EU Laws on UK Laws
The enactment of the Equality Act 2010, which brings together UK’s anti-discrimination laws, was particularly influenced by EU law. This paper critically examines the influences of the EU law on the UK’s anti-discrimination laws. Article 141 of the Treaty of Rome, providing for equal pay for employees undertaking a like job has also influenced the English domestic law1. EU Directives and the EU Treaty continue to play a pivotal role in the implementation of the Equality Act 2010. …
11 pages (2761 words) Essay
EU Rights to Citizenship
Article 6(1) provides that EU citizens shall have the right of residence in another Member State for a period of up to three months without any restrictions or formalities other than the obligation to hold a valid identity card or passport. Also, according to Article 4 and 5 all EU citizens have the right to leave or enter another Member State by having a valid identity card or valid passport. According to Art 7(1) Gabrielle can exceed the three months period if (a) she is engaged in an economic activity in the host Member State such as UK on an employment or self-employed basis, (b) if she…
4 pages (1004 words) Case Study
Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community
But EU is a work in progress and, having been done with the tasks of border control and economic integration, it is time to move on to the more difficult areas, which assume social and political dimensions. These include home affairs, immigration, defense - and human rights. European states are regularly mentioned in the annual report of Amnesty International for human rights violations, although there is supposed to be a European Convention on Human Rights that regulates and controls these unwanted activities. This area of concern was the focus of attention at the EU Summit in June 1999, in…
12 pages (3012 words) Essay
Impact of the Human Rights policy in EU on british society
The answer lies in the fact that Section 3 of the Human Rights Act, as also many other sections, hedges its bets by saying that, "so far as it is possible to do so", primary legislation and subordinate legislation must be read and given effect in a way which is compatible with the Convention's rights.…
19 pages (4769 words) Essay
Fundamental Rights of EU Law
As the report discusses fundamental rights then emerged from the Roman concept of libertas which established civil law with liberties and gave it political status. During the 14th century emerged the concept of central sovereign courts of justice where Roman sovereign courts guarantee civil law. Lessius then came up with the theory that God invested men with civil rights at birth. …
66 pages (16566 words) Dissertation
Educational institutions-explicitly including universities-are not philanthropic islands of abstract debate. This maxim of the German President is borne out by this colloquium, for this is not merely an 'abstract debate'. And there can be no talk of an 'island', either, for this is a cross-border, joint meeting of SUERF and the CFS. Incidentally, the motive is the exchange of knowledge with the financial community including central banks, thus avoiding all suspicion of insular ivory-tower erudition. There can be no doubt that the financial community will likewise benefit from an exchange of…
17 pages (4267 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!