Rights of the Unborn in the UK and EU

Undergraduate
Essay
Law
Pages 10 (2510 words)
Download 0
The right to life of the unborn was historically protected by British laws on abortion. The English common law did not prosecute for abortions performed before quickening. In 1803, with Lord Ellenborough's Act, Parliament enacted statutes overriding this relatively lenient stance …

Introduction

There are multiple arguments for and against abortion in the UK. However, the right to life has been historically protected by state parties with appropriate legislation. The rights of the unborn are protected by the states. Historically, laws were promulgated to promote the rights of the unborn. For example, Article 6 of the Convention of the Rights of the Child states: a.) States Parties recognize that every child has the inherent right to life; and, b.) States Parties shall ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child. The Offences against the Person Act Section 58 of the Act made abortion a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment from three years to life even when performed for medical reasons. The legalization of abortion in recent times has effectively removed that protection. Infant Life Preservation Act 1929 and Abortion Act of 1967 provided the exceptions to this 1861 Act. The arguments for abortion insist on the welfare of the mother, the rights of the unborn child born without disability and the concept that an unborn child is not a person. Several international laws govern the protection of the rights of the unborn child: the UN Declaration of Human Rights, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the American Convention on Human Rights, the European Convention of Human Rights and the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Charter of Fundamental Rights Marks Coming of Age for EU As a Political Community
But EU is a work in progress and, having been done with the tasks of border control and economic integration, it is time to move on to the more difficult areas, which assume social and political dimensions. These include home affairs, immigration, defense - and human rights. European states are regularly mentioned in the annual report of Amnesty International for human rights violations, although…
12 pages (3012 words)
Impact of the Human Rights policy in EU on british society
The answer lies in the fact that Section 3 of the Human Rights Act, as also many other sections, hedges its bets by saying that, "so far as it is possible to do so", primary legislation and subordinate legislation must be read and given effect in a way which is compatible with the Convention's rights.…
19 pages (4769 words)
UK Government and UN Conventions on the Rights of the Child
The UK government's first report declared that no change was required in the active legislation in the UK since the provisions of the convention are already covered (UK First Report to UN, 1994).…
3 pages (753 words)
Rights
Frank, a pioneer to make a school a promising school with the introduction of an environmental project which involves teaching, environment awareness and entertainment backed by religious exposure to make Marsh Down rise in status and position by effective management , strong public relations, fund raising and bigger vision to develop a "Eden Farm Week" as the pioneer effort to give school the…
4 pages (1004 words)
The modern concept of human rights in the UK
The trials did help to impact the concept that some sort of universal justice is necessary in order to make individuals feel safe, or just, about the world and the law of the world. The atrocities revealed during the trials turned the stomachs of many of the people, as well as the governments, in Europe. It became clear that some sort of restructuring was needed, and that European countries would…
18 pages (4518 words)
US - EU
Educational institutions-explicitly including universities-are not philanthropic islands of abstract debate. This maxim of the German President is borne out by this colloquium, for this is not merely an 'abstract debate'. And there can be no talk of an 'island', either, for this is a cross-border, joint meeting of SUERF and the CFS. Incidentally, the motive is the exchange of knowledge with the…
17 pages (4267 words)